Ostensibly what the word itself implies: ‘a fort on a hill’ – though in more recent years the archaeological notion of them as purely defensive fortresses has subsided.  Hillforts are generally huge monuments in the landscape, almost always at the top, or near the top, of what seem to have been deemed pretty impregnable places.  Entire settlements existed within some hillforts, most of which came into existence in the Iron Age.  Common sense tells that these hilltop sites afforded protection against marauding bears, boars and wolves, as much as against rival tribes!

HILLFORTS:  Bibliography & References

  1. Abbey Craig, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  2. An Dun, Gairloch, Ross & Cromarty
  3. Ardanstur, Melfort, Argyll
  4. Balvicar, Seil, Argyll
  5. The Bastard, Feochaig, Campbeltown, Argyll
  6. Bradley, Frodsham, Cheshire
  7. Brean Down, Brean, Somerset
  8. Bryn Alyn, Wrexham, Denbighshire
  9. Buckton Castle, Mossley, Lancashire
  10. Caesar’s Camp, Bracknell, Berkshire
  11. Castercliff, Nelson, Lancashire
  12. Castleberg, Nesfield, North Yorkshire
  13. Castle Coeffein, Clachan, Lismore, Argyll
  14. Castle Craig, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire
  15. Castle Ditch, Eddisbury, Delamere, Cheshire
  16. Castle Head Hill, Lindale, Cumbria
  17. Castle Hill, Almondbury, West Yorkshire
  18. Castle Hill, Culross, Fife
  19. Castle Hill, Little Wittenham, Oxfordshire
  20. Castle Hill, Wentbridge, South Yorkshire
  21. Cnocan Dubh, Ballachulish, Argyll
  22. Creag a’ Chapuill, Ford, Kilmartin, Argyll
  23. Croft Ambrey, Yatton, Herefordshire
  24. Danebury Hill, Nether Wallop, Hampshire
  25. Devil’s Dyke, Poynings, Sussex
  26. Dinedor Camp, Herefordshire
  27. Dumyat, Blairlogie, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  28. Dun Bhuirg, Iona, Argyll
  29. Dun Chathach, Connel, Argyll
  30. Dun Chibhich, Gigha, Argyll
  31. Dun Chonallaich, Ford, Argyll
  32. Dun Dubh, Ford, Argyll
  33. Dun Gallain, Colonsay, Argyll
  34. Dun I, Iona, Argyll
  35. Dun Mac Samhainn, Kilmartin, Argyll
  36. Dun Mac Sniachan, Benderloch, Argyll
  37. Dun na Nighinn, Ford, Argyll
  38. Dun Toiseach, Ford, Argyll
  39. Eddisbury Hill, Delamere, Cheshire 
  40. Garrywhin Fort, Ulbster, Caithness
  41. Grianan of Aileach, Carrowreagh, Donegal
  42. Helsby Hill, Helsby, Cheshire
  43. Ivinghoe Beacon, Ivinghoe, Buckinghamshire
  44. Kelsborrow Castle, Kelsall, Cheshire
  45. Knockfarrel, Strathpeffer, Inverness-shire
  46. Knock Hill, Dunblane, Stirlingshire
  47. Lawhead Fort, Penicuik, Midlothian
  48. Longfaugh, Crichton, Midlothian
  49. Maiden Castle, Bickerton, Cheshire
  50. Maiden Castle, Dorchester, Dorset
  51. Maiden Castle, Waterfoot, Cumbria
  52. Manor Farm, Bolnhurst, Bedfordshire
  53. Martinsell Hill, Oare, Pewsey, Wiltshire
  54. Mount Pleasant, Dorchester, Dorset
  55. Oakmere, Delamere, Cheshire
  56. Portfield Camp, Whalley, Lancashire
  57. Rathgall Hillfort, County Wicklow
  58. Ring Hill, Littlebury, Essex
  59. Rough Haw, Flasby, North Yorkshire
  60. Skelmore Heads, Great Urswick, Cumbria
  61. South Kirkby, South Yorkshire
  62. Tadmarton Heath, Wigginton Heath, Oxfordshire
  63. Uphall Camp, Ilford, Essex
  64. Wallstale, Cambusbarron, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  65. Warton Crag, Warton, Lancashire
  66. Woodhouse Hill, Helsby, Cheshire

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian