Ostensibly what the word itself implies: ‘a fort on a hill’ – though in more recent years the archaeological notion of them as purely defensive fortresses has subsided.  Hillforts are generally huge monuments in the landscape, almost always at the top, or near the top, of what seem to have been deemed pretty impregnable places.  Entire settlements existed within some hillforts, most of which came into existence in the Iron Age.  Common sense tells that these hilltop sites afforded protection against marauding bears, boars and wolves, as much as against rival tribes!

HILLFORTS:  Bibliography & References

  1. An Dun, Gairloch, Ross & Cromarty
  2. Ardanstur, Melfort, Argyll
  3. Balvicar, Seil, Argyll
  4. The Bastard, Feochaig, Campbeltown, Argyll
  5. Bradley, Frodsham, Cheshire
  6. Brean Down, Brean, Somerset
  7. Bryn Alyn, Wrexham, Denbighshire
  8. Buckton Castle, Mossley, Lancashire
  9. Caesar’s Camp, Bracknell, Berkshire
  10. Castercliff, Nelson, Lancashire
  11. Castleberg, Nesfield, North Yorkshire
  12. Castle Coeffein, Clachan, Lismore, Argyll
  13. Castle Craig, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire
  14. Castle Ditch, Eddisbury, Delamere, Cheshire
  15. Castle Head Hill, Lindale, Cumbria
  16. Castle Hill, Almondbury, West Yorkshire
  17. Castle Hill, Culross, Fife
  18. Castle Hill, Little Wittenham, Oxfordshire
  19. Castle Hill, Wentbridge, South Yorkshire
  20. Cnocan Dubh, Ballachulish, Argyll
  21. Creag a’ Chapuill, Ford, Kilmartin, Argyll
  22. Croft Ambrey, Yatton, Herefordshire
  23. Danebury Hill, Nether Wallop, Hampshire
  24. Devil’s Dyke, Poynings, Sussex
  25. Dinedor Camp, Herefordshire
  26. Dumyat, Blairlogie, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  27. Dun Bhuirg, Iona, Argyll
  28. Dun Chathach, Connel, Argyll
  29. Dun Chibhich, Gigha, Argyll
  30. Dun Chonallaich, Ford, Argyll
  31. Dun Dubh, Ford, Argyll
  32. Dun Gallain, Colonsay, Argyll
  33. Dun I, Iona, Argyll
  34. Dun Mac Samhainn, Kilmartin, Argyll
  35. Dun Mac Sniachan, Benderloch, Argyll
  36. Dun na Nighinn, Ford, Argyll
  37. Dun Toiseach, Ford, Argyll
  38. Eddisbury Hill, Delamere, Cheshire 
  39. Garrywhin Fort, Ulbster, Caithness
  40. Grianan of Aileach, Carrowreagh, Donegal
  41. Helsby Hill, Helsby, Cheshire
  42. Ivinghoe Beacon, Ivinghoe, Buckinghamshire
  43. Kelsborrow Castle, Kelsall, Cheshire
  44. Knockfarrel, Strathpeffer, Inverness-shire
  45. Knock Hill, Dunblane, Stirlingshire
  46. Lawhead Fort, Penicuik, Midlothian
  47. Longfaugh, Crichton, Midlothian
  48. Maiden Castle, Bickerton, Cheshire
  49. Maiden Castle, Dorchester, Dorset
  50. Maiden Castle, Waterfoot, Cumbria
  51. Manor Farm, Bolnhurst, Bedfordshire
  52. Martinsell Hill, Oare, Pewsey, Wiltshire
  53. Mount Pleasant, Dorchester, Dorset
  54. Oakmere, Delamere, Cheshire
  55. Portfield Camp, Whalley, Lancashire
  56. Rathgall Hillfort, County Wicklow
  57. Ring Hill, Littlebury, Essex
  58. Rough Haw, Flasby, North Yorkshire
  59. Skelmore Heads, Great Urswick, Cumbria
  60. South Kirkby, South Yorkshire
  61. Tadmarton Heath, Wigginton Heath, Oxfordshire
  62. Wallstale, Cambusbarron, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  63. Warton Crag, Warton, Lancashire
  64. Woodhouse Hill, Helsby, Cheshire

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian