Ostensibly what the word itself implies: ‘a fort on a hill’ – though in more recent years the archaeological notion of them as purely defensive fortresses has subsided.  Hillforts are generally huge monuments in the landscape, almost always at the top, or near the top, of what seem to have been deemed pretty impregnable places.  Entire settlements existed within some hillforts, most of which came into existence in the Iron Age.  Common sense tells that these hilltop sites afforded protection against marauding bears, boars and wolves, as much as against rival tribes!

HILLFORTS:  Bibliography & References

  1. An Dun, Gairloch, Ross & Cromarty
  2. Ardanstur, Melfort, Argyll
  3. Balvicar, Seil, Argyll
  4. The Bastard, Feochaig, Campbeltown, Argyll
  5. Bradley, Frodsham, Cheshire
  6. Bryn Alyn, Wrexham, Denbighshire
  7. Buckton Castle, Mossley, Lancashire
  8. Caesar’s Camp, Bracknell, Berkshire
  9. Castercliff, Nelson, Lancashire
  10. Castleberg, Nesfield, North Yorkshire
  11. Castle Coeffein, Clachan, Lismore, Argyll
  12. Castle Craig, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire
  13. Castle Ditch, Eddisbury, Delamere, Cheshire
  14. Castle Head Hill, Lindale, Cumbria
  15. Castle Hill, Almondbury, West Yorkshire
  16. Castle Hill, Culross, Fife
  17. Castle Hill, Little Wittenham, Oxfordshire
  18. Castle Hill, Wentbridge, South Yorkshire
  19. Cnocan Dubh, Ballachulish, Argyll
  20. Creag a’ Chapuill, Ford, Kilmartin, Argyll
  21. Devil’s Dyke, Poynings, Sussex
  22. Dinedor Camp, Herefordshire
  23. Dumyat, Blairlogie, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  24. Dun Bhuirg, Iona, Argyll
  25. Dun Chathach, Connel, Argyll
  26. Dun Chibhich, Gigha, Argyll
  27. Dun Chonallaich, Ford, Argyll
  28. Dun Dubh, Ford, Argyll
  29. Dun Gallain, Colonsay, Argyll
  30. Dun I, Iona, Argyll
  31. Dun Mac Samhainn, Kilmartin, Argyll
  32. Dun Mac Sniachan, Benderloch, Argyll
  33. Dun na Nighinn, Ford, Argyll
  34. Dun Toiseach, Ford, Argyll
  35. Eddisbury Hill, Delamere, Cheshire 
  36. Garrywhin Fort, Ulbster, Caithness
  37. Grianan of Aileach, Carrowreagh, Donegal
  38. Helsby Hill, Helsby, Cheshire
  39. Ivinghoe Beacon, Ivinghoe, Buckinghamshire
  40. Kelsborrow Castle, Kelsall, Cheshire
  41. Knockfarrel, Strathpeffer, Inverness-shire
  42. Knock Hill, Dunblane, Stirlingshire
  43. Lawhead Fort, Penicuik, Midlothian
  44. Longfaugh, Crichton, Midlothian
  45. Maiden Castle, Bickerton, Cheshire
  46. Maiden Castle, Dorchester, Dorset
  47. Maiden Castle, Waterfoot, Cumbria
  48. Manor Farm, Bolnhurst, Bedfordshire
  49. Martinsell Hill, Oare, Pewsey, Wiltshire
  50. Mount Pleasant, Dorchester, Dorset
  51. Oakmere, Delamere, Cheshire
  52. Portfield Camp, Whalley, Lancashire
  53. Rathgall Hillfort, County Wicklow
  54. Ring Hill, Littlebury, Essex
  55. Rough Haw, Flasby, North Yorkshire
  56. Skelmore Heads, Great Urswick, Cumbria
  57. South Kirkby, South Yorkshire
  58. Tadmarton Heath, Wigginton Heath, Oxfordshire
  59. Wallstale, Cambusbarron, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  60. Warton Crag, Warton, Lancashire
  61. Woodhouse Hill, Helsby, Cheshire

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian