Barrows, Cairns, Tombs & Tumuli

For those who may not know, the terms ‘cairns’ and ‘tumuli’ are just prehistoric tombs. Another word we find as we move further north into Scotland is ‘cist’, which has a similar affiliation – though a cist is more accurately a stone-lined coffin, over which cairns tend to be built. A cairn is a pile of loose rocks and stones, which tends to be erected over a single or multiple burial or cremation – though without excavation we can never be sure which one it’s gonna be! Chambered cairns are well-designed cairns with lengthy entrances or internal ‘rooms.’ A tumulus meanwhile (‘tumuli’ is the plural) is a heap of earth piled up over a burial or cremation. Small cairns and tumuli tend to cover single graves; whilst larger ones can have multiple burials therein. However we sometimes find that huge tombs have only one or two burials/cremations inside. In such cases it is probable that the people entombed there were of considerable importance: perhaps a tribal chief, a king, a queen, or powerful shaman. In many places across Brigantia and Scotland, where there’s a profusion of cairns/tumuli we tend to find good examples of prehistoric rock art, or cup-and-ring stones.

BARROWS, CAIRNS, TUMULI:  Bibliography & References

  1. Aberdour, Fife
  2. Achadh Thaibstil, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  3. Acharn Burn, Kenmore, Perthshire
  4. Achnacree, Achnacreebeag, Argyll
  5. Acrehowe Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  6. Addlebrough, Bainbridge, North Yorkshire
  7. Aird Thorr Innse, Gigha, Argyll
  8. Aithernie, Scoonie, Fife
  9. Alresford Hill, Alresford, Essex
  10. Angel Moon Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  11. Annfield, Bridge of Allan – see Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  12. Apronful of Stones, Wigtwizzle, Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  13. Apronful of Stones, Settle, North Yorkshire
  14. Ardilistry, Islay, Argyll
  15. Ardlamey, Gigha, Argyll
  16. Ardminish, Gigha, Argyll
  17. Armshaw Lowe, Oxenhope, West Yorkshire
  18. Ashleigh Barrow, Darwen, Lancashire
  19. Askwith Moor Cairnfield, North Yorkshire
  20. Auchenlaich, Callander, Perthshire
  21. Balloch, Alyth, Perthshire
  22. Badbury Barrow, Shapwick, Dorset
  23. Badger Wells Cairn, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  24. Baildon Moor Circle, West Yorkshire – see Lower Glovershaw
  25. Baile Mhargaite Cist (01), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  26. Baile Mhargaite Cist (02), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  27. Ballachraggan, Callander, Perthshire
  28. Barnhill, Jura, Argyll
  29. Baron’s Cairn, Black Crofts, Argyll
  30. Barr a’ Chuirn, Slockavullin, Kilmartin, Argyll
  31. Barrow Field, Bushy Park, Teddington, Middlesex
  32. Bartlow Hills, Bartlow, Cambridgeshire
  33. Battle Hill Dolmen, Huntly, Aberdeenshire
  34. Batty Wife Hole, Ribblehead, North Yorkshire
  35. Beacon Hill, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  36. Bedd y Cawr, Llanymynech, Montgomeryshire
  37. Bedford Hill, Tooting, Surrey
  38. Beinn na Caillich, Broadford, Skye
  39. Belton Road, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  40. Birkhill House, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  41. Birkhill Sandpit, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  42. Blackheath Circle, Todmorden, West Yorkshire
  43. Black Hill Long Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  44. Black Hill Round Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  45. Black Hill Tumulus, Middleton Moor – see Round Hill, Middleton Moor
  46. Bleara Lowe, Earby, Lancashire
  47. Bleara Moor Cairnfield, Earby, Lancashire
  48. Bleara Moor Tumulus, Earby, Lancashire
  49. Brink Ends, Dovestones Moor, Trawden, Lancashire
  50. Boatbridge Quarry, Thankerton, Lanarkshire
  51. Borough Hills, West Mersea, Essex
  52. Borgie, Tongue, Sutherland
  53. Bown Hill Long Barrow, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  54. Bown Hill Tumulus, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  55. Bracklin Burn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  56. Briggate, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  57. Broadgate, Strathblane, Stirlingshire
  58. Brotton Howe, Brotton, Cleveland, North Yorkshire
  59. Brown Hill, Saddleworth, Lancashire
  60. Brown Howes, Ebberston Low Moor, North Yorkshire
  61. Bryn Celli Ddu, Llandaniel Fab, Anglesey
  62. Bul Barrow, Woolland, Dorset
  63. Burwains Lake, Foulridge, Lancashire
  64. Cairn 1, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  65. Cairn 2, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  66. Cairn 3, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  67. Cairn 4, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  68. Cairn 5, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  69. Cairn 6, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  70. Cairnbane, Portnacroish, Argyll
  71. Cairnpark, Dollar, Clackmannanshire
  72. Cairnwochel, Ardoch, Braco, Perthshire
  73. Calderstones, Allerton, Liverpool, Lancashire
  74. Caravan Park, Blair Drummond, Stirlingshire
  75. Carleatheran, Gargunnock, Stirlingshire
  76. Carleith, Crook of Devon, Kinross-shire
  77. Carlowrie, Kirkliston, Midlothian
  78. Carmyllie Hill, Greystone, Angus
  79. Carn Ban, Glen Cochill, Perthshire
  80. Carn Ban, Kilmartin, Argyll
  81. Castle Carr, Luddenden Dean, West Yorkshire
  82. Castle Farm Circles, Barcaldine, Argyll
  83. Castle Law, Blairlogie, Stirlingshire
  84. Catfoss Cemetery, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  85. Cat Heaps, Swanston, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  86. Catlow Quarry, Nelson, Lancashire
  87. Church Field, North Ockendon, Essex
  88. Cicely Low, Houndkirk Moor, South Yorkshire
  89. Cladh Chlainn Iain, Jura, Argyll
  90. Cliviger Laithe, Worsthorne, Burnley, Lancashire
  91. Cliviger Law, Mereclough, Burnley, Lancashire
  92. Cnoc a’ Chuirn Mhoir, Jura, Argyll
  93. Cnoc na Croise, Ardminish, Argyll
  94. Cock Hill, Wadsworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  95. Cock Howe (1), Skelton Moor, Marske, North Yorkshire
  96. Coldstone Beck Cairn (01), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  97. Coldstone Beck Cairn (02), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  98. Coldstone Beck Cairn (03), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  99. Coneypark Nursery, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  100. Cow Keeper’s Field, Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  101. Craigenkirn, New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire
  102. Craigkennockie, Burntisland, Fife
  103. Craigmaddie Muir (1), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  104. Craigmaddie Muir (2), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  105. Craigton, Cleish, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  106. Cray, Hubberholme, Buckden, North Yorkshire
  107. Creich Manse, Brunton, Fife
  108. Croes-llechau, Bronllys, Breconshire
  109. The Croft, Doune, Perthshire
  110. Cromlix Lodge, Dunblane, Perthshire
  111. Crow Hill Cairn Circle, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  112. Culliford Tree Barrow, Whitcombe, Dorset
  113. Cuparlaw Woods, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  114. Dalvraid, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  115. Danes Hills, Riccall, North Yorkshire
  116. Danes Hills, Skipwith, North Yorkshire
  117. Delf Hill, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  118. Devil’s Apronful, Appletreewick, North Yorkshire
  119. Devil’s Apronful, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  120. Devil’s Den, Clatford, Wiltshire
  121. Dobrudden Necropolis, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  122. Douglas Terrace, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  123. Downs Farm, Kempshott, Basingstoke, Hampshire
  124. Drizzlecombe 13, Ditsworthy Warren, Sheepstor, Devon
  125. Druimyeonbeg, Gigha, Argyll
  126. Duel Cross Hill, Grafton, North Yorkshire
  127. Dumpton Park, Ramsgate, Kent
  128. Dunblane Cathedral, Stirlingshire
  129. Dun Riaskidh, Torrisdale Bay, Sutherland
  130. Dwarf’s Tomb, Alva, Clackmannanshire
  131. Elf Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  132. Elf Howe, Horsforth, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  133. Elistoun West, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire
  134. Elphillock, Kildrummy, Aberdeenshire
  135. Fairy Knowe, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  136. Fairy Knowe, Crarae, Minard, Argyll
  137. Fairy Knowe, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  138. Fairy Toot, Butcombe, Somerset
  139. The Falls (1), Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  140. The Falls (2), Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  141. Feizor Thwaite, Lawkland, North Yorkshire
  142. Firtholme, Easington, East Yorkshire
  143. Fiscary 1, Farr, Sutherland
  144. Fiscary 2, Farr, Sutherland
  145. Fiscary 3, Farr, Sutherland
  146. Fiscary 4, Farr, Sutherland
  147. Flag Inn, St. Osyth, Essex
  148. Flat Howe (1), Sleights Moor, North Yorkshire
  149. Flat Howe (2), Sleights Moor, North Yorkshire
  150. Foel Fawr, Llanfechell, Anglesey
  151. Ford, Kilmartin, Argyll
  152. Fox Hill, Lowthorpe, East Yorkshire
  153. Frensham Common, Frensham, Surrey
  154. Galley Hill, Streatley, Bedfordshire
  155. Garadh Ban, Buchanan, Stirlingshire
  156. Gariob Cottage, Achnamara, Knapdale, Argyll
  157. Gask Hill, Collessie, Fife
  158. Ghost’s Knowe, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  159. Giant’s Grave, Reelig, Kirkhill, Inverness-shire
  160. Giant’s Grave, Tweedsmuir, Peeblesshire
  161. Giants’ Graves, Halton Gill, North Yorkshire
  162. Giant’s Knowe, Culloch, Muthill, Perthshire
  163. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (01), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  164. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (02), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  165. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (03), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  166. Glencreggan, Glenbarr, Kintyre, Argyll
  167. Glenrickard, Brodick, Arran, Argyll
  168. Glenshervie Burn, Glen Almond, Perthshire
  169. Gough’s Barrow, Long Compton, Warwickshire
  170. Graffa Plain, Brimham Rocks, Hartwith, North Yorkshire
  171. Great Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  172. Great Skirtful Ring, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  173. Green Crag Top Cairns, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  174. Green Howe, North Deighton, North Yorkshire
  175. Grubstones Circle, Burley Moor – see Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  176. Hades Hill, Whitworth, Lancashire
  177. Hagg Woods, Thongsbridge, Holmfirth, West Yorkshire
  178. Hamilton Farm, Cambuslang, Lanarkshire
  179. Harden Moor Cairnfield, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  180. Harden Moor Circle, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  181. Hare Hill, Elslack, North Yorkshire
  182. Harlaw, Fairnington, Roxburghshire
  183. Hatfield Barrow, Marden, Wiltshire
  184. Haulgh, Bolton, Lancashire
  185. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  186. Hawksworth Moor (01), West Yorkshire
  187. Hawksworth Moor (02), West Yorkshire
  188. Hawksworth Moor (03), West Yorkshire
  189. Hazell Circle, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  190. Heights Farm, Quernmore, Lancashire
  191. Heligar Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  192. Heyshaw Moor (north), Dacre, North Yorkshire
  193. High Close Cairn, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  194. High Low Ridge, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  195. High Marchup, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  196. High Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  197. High Street Barrow, Towthorpe, East Yorkshire
  198. Higher Town Bay, St. Martin’s, Scilly Isles
  199. Ilkley Gate, Ilkley Moor – Cairn Circles (NEW FIND)
  200. Intake Lodge, Yearsley, North Yorkshire
  201. Invercharnan, Glen Etive, Argyll
  202. Jack Straw’s Castle, Kilmington, Wiltshire
  203. Jeppe Knave Grave, Wiswell, Lancashire
  204. Judge’s Cairn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  205. Keighley Train Station, West Yorkshire
  206. Kemp Howe, Sledmere, East Yorkshire
  207. Kerrycrusach, Bute, Argyll
  208. King’s Yett, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  209. Kinpurnie, Newtyle, Angus
  210. Kippenross House, Dunblane, Stirlingshire
  211. Kirkshaws, Old Monkland, Lanarkshire
  212. Kit’s Coty House, Aylesford, Kent
  213. Lanshaw Cairn 01, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  214. Lanshaw Cairn 02, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  215. Lanshaw Cairn 03, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  216. Larkfield, Maidstone, Kent
  217. Law Knowe, Niddrie, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  218. Lea Green, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  219. Leaf Howe, Stape, North Yorkshire
  220. Leathad Carnaich, Dalhalvaig, Caithness
  221. Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  222. Lexden, Colchester, Essex
  223. Limekiln Field, Pytchley, Northamptonshire
  224. Lippersley Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  225. Little Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  226. Longbarrow Field, Timble, North Yorkshire
  227. Long Man’s Grave, Abernyte, Perthshire
  228. Long Skelpick, Bettyhill, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  229. Lower Apronful of Stones, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  230. Lower Glovershaw, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  231. Lower Headley Farm, Thornton, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  232. Lower Higham Farm, Hyde, Lancashire
  233. Low Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  234. Lyneham Barrow, Ascott-under-Wychwood, Oxfordshire
  235. MacRee’s Cairn, Glen Meurain, Fortingall, Perthshire
  236. Manton Down, Rockley, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  237. Manse Bridge, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  238. Marriotts Barrows, Hyde, Lancashire
  239. Merlin’s Grave, Drumelzier, Peeblesshire
  240. Merlin’s Mount, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  241. Millbarrow, Winterbourne Monkton, Wiltshire
  242. Miller’s Grave, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  243. Mill Hill, Eastburn, Driffield, East Yorkshire
  244. Mini-Skirtful of Stones, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  245. Minning Low, Aldwark, Derbyshire
  246. Moor Hey, Weeton, Lancashire
  247. Mount Pleasant, Normanby, North Yorkshire
  248. Mount Skip, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  249. Mount Zion, Illingworth, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  250. Mutlow Hill, Great Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire
  251. Nanny Howe, Coate Moor, Kildale, North Yorkshire
  252. Nanny’s Grave, Steeton, West Yorkshire
  253. Nether Glenny, Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  254. Nether Glenny 02, Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  255. Ninewells, Caputh, Perthshire
  256. Nixon’s Station, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  257. North Hill, Samson, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  258. Old Pleck Barrow, Rushmore, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire
  259. Oliver Cromwell’s Hill, Eye, Cambridgeshire
  260. Ossian’s Stone, Sma’ Glen, Fowlis Wester, Perthshire
  261. Overton Down Tomb, West Overton, Wiltshire
  262. Parsons Lane, Silsden, West Yorkshire – see High Marchup
  263. Pendreich 1, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  264. Pendreich 2, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  265. Pendreich 3, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  266. Pennythorn Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  267. Perces, Halstead, Essex
  268. Pike Lowe, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  269. Pleasington Cemetery, Blackburn, Lancashire
  270. Pool Farm, Priddy, Somerset
  271. Port na Cleire, Gigha, Argyll
  272. Pudding Pie Hill, Thirsk, North Yorkshire
  273. Pule Hill, Marsden, West Yorkshire
  274. Queen’s Cairn, Farr, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  275. Quernhow, Ainderby Quernhow, North Yorkshire
  276. Reddicar Clough, Hallam Moor, Sheffield, South Yorkshire
  277. Ringstone Edge, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  278. Rockcliff Beacon, Boulby – see The Falls (1)
  279. Rolleston Barrow, Rushmore, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire
  280. Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  281. Round Hill, Middleton Moor, North Yorkshire
  282. Round Hill Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  283. Ruston Beacon, Ruston Parva, East Yorkshire
  284. Rye Loaf Hill, Settle, North Yorkshire
  285. St. John’s Green, Colchester, Essex
  286. St. Medan’s Knowe, Kirkton of Airlie, Angus
  287. Sauchie, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  288. Scale House, Rylstone, North Yorkshire
  289. Seaty Hill, Malham Moor, North Yorkshire
  290. Serpent Mound, Scallasaig, Glen More, Inverness-shire
  291. Shaman’s Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  292. Shaw Hill, Skirtcoat, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  293. Shawfield, Rutherglen, Lanarkshire
  294. Sheep Scar Cairn, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  295. Sheep Scar Cairn Circle, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  296. Silver Hill, Stanbury, West Yorkshire
  297. Sithean Mor, Shian, Iona, Argyll
  298. Skirtful of Stones, Horton-in-Ribblesdale, North Yorkshire
  299. Slade Cairnfield, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  300. Snowden Crags Circle, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  301. Snowden Crags Necropolis, Timble, North Yorkshire
  302. Southdown Cottage, Dorking, Surrey
  303. South Wonston, Hampshire
  304. Spell Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  305. Staple Howe, Kirklington, North Yorkshire
  306. Stapley Hill, Kirklington – see Staple Howe, Kirklington North Yorkshire
  307. Stone Man, Kirkby Ravensworth, North Yorkshire
  308. Stoney Raise, Addlebrough, Thornton Rust, North Yorkshire
  309. Stoodley Pike Circle, Mankinholes, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  310. Strowan, Crieff, Perthshire
  311. Swinkly Knoll, Egglesburn, Durham
  312. Tarbert, Argyll
  313. Thieveley, Holme Chapel, Burnley, Lancashire
  314. Toad Stones, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  315. Todholes (01), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  316. Todholes (02), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  317. Tomb Stone, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  318. Tongue House, Tongue, Sutherland
  319. Torrisholme Barrow, Morecambe, Lancashire
  320. Tower Hill, Warley, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  321. Town Lane, St. Mary’s, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  322. Tulloch Knowe, Doune, Perthshire
  323. Tumble Beacon, Banstead, Surrey
  324. Two Lads, Withens Moor, Cragg Vale, West Yorkshire
  325. Upper Killay, Killay, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
  326. Warlocks’ Tomb, Muckhart, Clackmannanshire
  327. West Lodge, Touch, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  328. Whispering Knights, Rollright, Oxfordshire
  329. White Cairn, Glen Cochill – see Carn Ban
  330. Wicking Crag, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  331. Winterborne Came 18b, Bincombe, Dorset
  332. Witch Hillock, Maryland, Kincardineshire
  333. Woofa Bank Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  334. Wytchley Warren, Edith Weston, Rutland

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian