Barrows, Cairns, Tombs & Tumuli

For those who may not know, the terms ‘cairns’ and ‘tumuli’ are just prehistoric tombs. Another word we find as we move further north into Scotland is ‘cist’, which has a similar affiliation – though a cist is more accurately a stone-lined coffin, over which cairns tend to be built. A cairn is a pile of loose rocks and stones, which tends to be erected over a single or multiple burial or cremation – though without excavation we can never be sure which one it’s gonna be! Chambered cairns are well-designed cairns with lengthy entrances or internal ‘rooms.’ A tumulus meanwhile (‘tumuli’ is the plural) is a heap of earth piled up over a burial or cremation. Small cairns and tumuli tend to cover single graves; whilst larger ones can have multiple burials therein. However we sometimes find that huge tombs have only one or two burials/cremations inside. In such cases it is probable that the people entombed there were of considerable importance: perhaps a tribal chief, a king, a queen, or powerful shaman. In many places across Brigantia and Scotland, where there’s a profusion of cairns/tumuli we tend to find good examples of prehistoric rock art, or cup-and-ring stones.

BARROWS, CAIRNS, TUMULI:  Bibliography & References

  1. Aberdour, Fife
  2. Achadh Thaibstil, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  3. Acharn Burn, Kenmore, Perthshire
  4. Achnacree, Achnacreebeag, Argyll
  5. Acrehowe Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  6. Addlebrough, Bainbridge, North Yorkshire
  7. Aird Thorr Innse, Gigha, Argyll
  8. Aithernie, Scoonie, Fife
  9. Alresford Hill, Alresford, Essex
  10. Angel Moon Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  11. Annfield, Bridge of Allan – see Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  12. Apronful of Stones, Wigtwizzle, Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  13. Apronful of Stones, Settle, North Yorkshire
  14. Ardilistry, Islay, Argyll
  15. Ardlamey, Gigha, Argyll
  16. Ardminish, Gigha, Argyll
  17. Armshaw Lowe, Oxenhope, West Yorkshire
  18. Ashleigh Barrow, Darwen, Lancashire
  19. Askwith Moor Cairnfield, North Yorkshire
  20. Auchenlaich, Callander, Perthshire
  21. Balloch, Alyth, Perthshire
  22. Badbury Barrow, Shapwick, Dorset
  23. Badger Wells Cairn, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  24. Baildon Moor Circle, West Yorkshire – see Lower Glovershaw
  25. Baile Mhargaite Cist (01), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  26. Baile Mhargaite Cist (02), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  27. Ballachraggan, Callander, Perthshire
  28. Barnhill, Jura, Argyll
  29. Baron’s Cairn, Black Crofts, Argyll
  30. Barr a’ Chuirn, Slockavullin, Kilmartin, Argyll
  31. Barrow Field, Bushy Park, Teddington, Middlesex
  32. Bartlow Hills, Bartlow, Cambridgeshire
  33. Battle Hill Dolmen, Huntly, Aberdeenshire
  34. Batty Wife Hole, Ribblehead, North Yorkshire
  35. Beacon Hill, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  36. Bedd y Cawr, Llanymynech, Montgomeryshire
  37. Beinn na Caillich, Broadford, Skye
  38. Birkhill House, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  39. Birkhill Sandpit, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  40. Blackheath Circle, Todmorden, West Yorkshire
  41. Black Hill Long Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  42. Black Hill Round Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  43. Black Hill Tumulus, Middleton Moor – see Round Hill, Middleton Moor
  44. Bleara Lowe, Earby, Lancashire
  45. Bleara Moor Cairnfield, Earby, Lancashire
  46. Bleara Moor Tumulus, Earby, Lancashire
  47. Brink Ends, Dovestones Moor, Trawden, Lancashire
  48. Boatbridge Quarry, Thankerton, Lanarkshire
  49. Borough Hills, West Mersea, Essex
  50. Bown Hill Long Barrow, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  51. Bown Hill Tumulus, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  52. Bracklin Burn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  53. Briggate, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  54. Broadgate, Strathblane, Stirlingshire
  55. Brotton Howe, Brotton, Cleveland, North Yorkshire
  56. Brown Hill, Saddleworth, Lancashire
  57. Brown Howes, Ebberston Low Moor, North Yorkshire
  58. Bryn Celli Ddu, Llandaniel Fab, Anglesey
  59. Bul Barrow, Woolland, Dorset
  60. Burwains Lake, Foulridge, Lancashire
  61. Cairn 1, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  62. Cairn 2, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  63. Cairn 3, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  64. Cairn 4, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  65. Cairn 5, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  66. Cairn 6, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  67. Cairnbane, Portnacroish, Argyll
  68. Cairnpark, Dollar, Clackmannanshire
  69. Cairnwochel, Ardoch, Braco, Perthshire
  70. Calderstones, Allerton, Liverpool, Lancashire
  71. Caravan Park, Blair Drummond, Stirlingshire
  72. Carleith, Crook of Devon, Kinross-shire
  73. Carlowrie, Kirkliston, Midlothian
  74. Carmyllie Hill, Greystone, Angus
  75. Carn Ban, Glen Cochill, Perthshire
  76. Carn Ban, Kilmartin, Argyll
  77. Castle Carr, Luddenden Dean, West Yorkshire
  78. Castle Farm Circles, Barcaldine, Argyll
  79. Castle Law, Blairlogie, Stirlingshire
  80. Catfoss Cemetery, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  81. Cat Heaps, Swanston, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  82. Catlow Quarry, Nelson, Lancashire
  83. Church Field, North Ockendon, Essex
  84. Cicely Low, Houndkirk Moor, South Yorkshire
  85. Cladh Chlainn Iain, Jura, Argyll
  86. Cliviger Laithe, Worsthorne, Burnley, Lancashire
  87. Cliviger Law, Mereclough, Burnley, Lancashire
  88. Cnoc a’ Chuirn Mhoir, Jura, Argyll
  89. Cnoc na Croise, Ardminish, Argyll
  90. Cock Hill, Wadsworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  91. Coldstone Beck Cairn (01), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  92. Coldstone Beck Cairn (02), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  93. Coldstone Beck Cairn (03), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  94. Coneypark Nursery, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  95. Craigenkirn, New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire
  96. Craigkennockie, Burntisland, Fife
  97. Craigmaddie Muir (1), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  98. Craigmaddie Muir (2), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  99. Craigton, Cleish, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  100. Cray, Hubberholme, Buckden, North Yorkshire
  101. Creich Manse, Brunton, Fife
  102. Croes-llechau, Bronllys, Breconshire
  103. Cromlix Lodge, Dunblane, Perthshire
  104. Crow Hill Cairn Circle, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  105. Culliford Tree Barrow, Whitcombe, Dorset
  106. Cuparlaw Woods, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  107. Dalvraid, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  108. Danes Hills, Riccall, North Yorkshire
  109. Danes Hills, Skipwith, North Yorkshire
  110. Delf Hill, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  111. Devil’s Apronful, Appletreewick, North Yorkshire
  112. Devil’s Apronful, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  113. Devil’s Den, Clatford, Wiltshire
  114. Dobrudden Necropolis, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  115. Douglas Terrace, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  116. Downs Farm, Kempshott, Basingstoke, Hampshire
  117. Drizzlecombe 13, Ditsworthy Warren, Sheepstor, Devon
  118. Druimyeonbeg, Gigha, Argyll
  119. Duel Cross Hill, Grafton, North Yorkshire
  120. Dumpton Park, Ramsgate, Kent
  121. Dunblane Cathedral, Stirlingshire
  122. Dwarf’s Tomb, Alva, Clackmannanshire
  123. Elf Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  124. Elf Howe, Horsforth, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  125. Elistoun West, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire
  126. Elphillock, Kildrummy, Aberdeenshire
  127. Fairy Knowe, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  128. Fairy Knowe, Crarae, Minard, Argyll
  129. Fairy Knowe, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  130. Feizor Thwaite, Lawkland, North Yorkshire
  131. Firtholme, Easington, East Yorkshire
  132. Fiscary 1, Farr, Sutherland
  133. Fiscary 2, Farr, Sutherland
  134. Fiscary 3, Farr, Sutherland
  135. Fiscary 4, Farr, Sutherland
  136. Flag Inn, St. Osyth, Essex
  137. Foel Fawr, Llanfechell, Anglesey
  138. Ford, Kilmartin, Argyll
  139. Fox Hill, Lowthorpe, East Yorkshire
  140. Frensham Common, Frensham, Surrey
  141. Galley Hill, Streatley, Bedfordshire
  142. Garadh Ban, Buchanan, Stirlingshire
  143. Gariob Cottage, Achnamara, Knapdale, Argyll
  144. Gask Hill, Collessie, Fife
  145. Ghost’s Knowe, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  146. Giant’s Grave, Reelig, Kirkhill, Inverness-shire
  147. Giant’s Grave, Tweedsmuir, Peeblesshire
  148. Giants’ Graves, Halton Gill, North Yorkshire
  149. Giant’s Knowe, Culloch, Muthill, Perthshire
  150. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (01), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  151. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (02), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  152. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (03), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  153. Glencreggan, Glenbarr, Kintyre, Argyll
  154. Glenrickard, Brodick, Arran, Argyll
  155. Glenshervie Burn, Glen Almond, Perthshire
  156. Gough’s Barrow, Long Compton, Warwickshire
  157. Graffa Plain, Brimham Rocks, Hartwith, North Yorkshire
  158. Great Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  159. Great Skirtful Ring, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  160. Green Crag Top Cairns, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  161. Green Howe, North Deighton, North Yorkshire
  162. Grubstones Circle, Burley Moor – see Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  163. Hades Hill, Whitworth, Lancashire
  164. Hagg Woods, Thongsbridge, Holmfirth, West Yorkshire
  165. Hamilton Farm, Cambuslang, Lanarkshire
  166. Harden Moor Cairnfield, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  167. Harden Moor Circle, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  168. Hare Hill, Elslack, North Yorkshire
  169. Harlaw, Fairnington, Roxburghshire
  170. Hatfield Barrow, Marden, Wiltshire
  171. Haulgh, Bolton, Lancashire
  172. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  173. Hawksworth Moor (01), West Yorkshire
  174. Hawksworth Moor (02), West Yorkshire
  175. Hawksworth Moor (03), West Yorkshire
  176. Hazell Circle, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  177. Heights Farm, Quernmore, Lancashire
  178. Heligar Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  179. Heyshaw Moor (north), Dacre, North Yorkshire
  180. High Close Cairn, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  181. High Low Ridge, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  182. High Marchup, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  183. High Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  184. High Street Barrow, Towthorpe, East Yorkshire
  185. Higher Town Bay, St. Martin’s, Scilly Isles
  186. Ilkley Gate, Ilkley Moor – Cairn Circles (NEW FIND)
  187. Intake Lodge, Yearsley, North Yorkshire
  188. Invercharnan, Glen Etive, Argyll
  189. Jack Straw’s Castle, Kilmington, Wiltshire
  190. Jeppe Knave Grave, Wiswell, Lancashire
  191. Judge’s Cairn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  192. Keighley Train Station, West Yorkshire
  193. Kemp Howe, Sledmere, East Yorkshire
  194. Kerrycrusach, Bute, Argyll
  195. King’s Yett, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  196. Kinpurnie, Newtyle, Angus
  197. Kippenross House, Dunblane, Stirlingshire
  198. Kirkshaws, Old Monkland, Lanarkshire
  199. Kit’s Coty House, Aylesford, Kent
  200. Lanshaw Cairn 01, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  201. Lanshaw Cairn 02, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  202. Lanshaw Cairn 03, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  203. Larkfield, Maidstone, Kent
  204. Lea Green, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  205. Leaf Howe, Stape, North Yorkshire
  206. Leathad Carnaich, Dalhalvaig, Caithness
  207. Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  208. Lexden, Colchester, Essex
  209. Limekiln Field, Pytchley, Northamptonshire
  210. Lippersley Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  211. Little Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  212. Long Man’s Grave, Abernyte, Perthshire
  213. Long Skelpick, Bettyhill, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  214. Lower Apronful of Stones, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  215. Lower Glovershaw, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  216. Lower Higham Farm, Hyde, Lancashire
  217. Low Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  218. Lyneham Barrow, Ascott-under-Wychwood, Oxfordshire
  219. MacRee’s Cairn, Glen Meurain, Fortingall, Perthshire
  220. Manton Down, Rockley, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  221. Marriotts Barrows, Hyde, Lancashire
  222. Merlin’s Grave, Drumelzier, Peeblesshire
  223. Merlin’s Mount, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  224. Millbarrow, Winterbourne Monkton, Wiltshire
  225. Miller’s Grave, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  226. Mill Hill, Eastburn, Driffield, East Yorkshire
  227. Mini-Skirtful of Stones, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  228. Minning Low, Aldwark, Derbyshire
  229. Moor Hey, Weeton, Lancashire
  230. Mount Pleasant, Normanby, North Yorkshire
  231. Mount Skip, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  232. Mount Zion, Illingworth, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  233. Mutlow Hill, Great Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire
  234. Nanny Howe, Coate Moor, Kildale, North Yorkshire
  235. Nanny’s Grave, Steeton, West Yorkshire
  236. Nether Glenny, Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  237. Nether Glenny 02, Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  238. Ninewells, Caputh, Perthshire
  239. Nixon’s Station, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  240. North Hill, Samson, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  241. Oliver Cromwell’s Hill, Eye, Cambridgeshire
  242. Ossian’s Stone, Sma’ Glen, Fowlis Wester, Perthshire
  243. Overton Down Tomb, West Overton, Wiltshire
  244. Parsons Lane, Silsden, West Yorkshire – see High Marchup
  245. Pendreich 1, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  246. Pendreich 2, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  247. Pendreich 3, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  248. Pennythorn Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  249. Perces, Halstead, Essex
  250. Pike Lowe, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  251. Pleasington Cemetery, Blackburn, Lancashire
  252. Pool Farm, Priddy, Somerset
  253. Port na Cleire, Gigha, Argyll
  254. Pudding Pie Hill, Thirsk, North Yorkshire
  255. Pule Hill, Marsden, West Yorkshire
  256. Queen’s Cairn, Farr, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  257. Quernhow, Ainderby Quernhow, North Yorkshire
  258. Reddicar Clough, Hallam Moor, Sheffield, South Yorkshire
  259. Ringstone Edge, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  260. Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  261. Round Hill, Middleton Moor, North Yorkshire
  262. Round Hill Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  263. Ruston Beacon, Ruston Parva, East Yorkshire
  264. Rye Loaf Hill, Settle, North Yorkshire
  265. St. John’s Green, Colchester, Essex
  266. St. Medan’s Knowe, Kirkton of Airlie, Angus
  267. Sauchie, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  268. Scale House, Rylstone, North Yorkshire
  269. Seaty Hill, Malham Moor, North Yorkshire
  270. Serpent Mound, Scallasaig, Glen More, Inverness-shire
  271. Shaman’s Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  272. Shaw Hill, Skirtcoat, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  273. Shawfield, Rutherglen, Lanarkshire
  274. Sheep Scar Cairn, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  275. Sheep Scar Cairn Circle, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  276. Silver Hill, Stanbury, West Yorkshire
  277. Sithean Mor, Shian, Iona, Argyll
  278. Skirtful of Stones, Horton-in-Ribblesdale, North Yorkshire
  279. Slade Cairnfield, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  280. Snowden Crags Circle, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  281. Snowden Crags Necropolis, Timble, North Yorkshire
  282. South Wonston, Hampshire
  283. Spell Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  284. Staple Howe, Kirklington, North Yorkshire
  285. Stapley Hill, Kirklington – see Staple Howe, Kirklington North Yorkshire
  286. Stone Man, Kirkby Ravensworth, North Yorkshire
  287. Stoney Raise, Addlebrough, Thornton Rust, North Yorkshire
  288. Stoodley Pike Circle, Mankinholes, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  289. Strowan, Crieff, Perthshire
  290. Swinkly Knoll, Egglesburn, Durham
  291. Tarbert, Argyll
  292. Thieveley, Holme Chapel, Burnley, Lancashire
  293. Toad Stones, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  294. Todholes (01), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  295. Todholes (02), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  296. Tomb Stone, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  297. Torrisholme Barrow, Morecambe, Lancashire
  298. Tower Hill, Warley, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  299. Town Lane, St. Mary’s, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  300. Tulloch Knowe, Doune, Perthshire
  301. Two Lads, Withens Moor, Cragg Vale, West Yorkshire
  302. Upper Killay, Killay, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
  303. West Lodge, Touch, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  304. Whispering Knights, Rollright, Oxfordshire
  305. White Cairn, Glen Cochill – see Carn Ban
  306. Wicking Crag, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  307. Winterborne Came 18b, Bincombe, Dorset
  308. Witch Hillock, Maryland, Kincardineshire
  309. Woofa Bank Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  310. Wytchley Warren, Edith Weston, Rutland

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian