Barrows, Cairns, Tombs & Tumuli

For those who may not know, the terms ‘cairns’ and ‘tumuli’ are just prehistoric tombs. Another word we find as we move further north into Scotland is ‘cist’, which has a similar affiliation – though a cist is more accurately a stone-lined coffin, over which cairns tend to be built. A cairn is a pile of loose rocks and stones, which tends to be erected over a single or multiple burial or cremation – though without excavation we can never be sure which one it’s gonna be! Chambered cairns are well-designed cairns with lengthy entrances or internal ‘rooms.’ A tumulus meanwhile (‘tumuli’ is the plural) is a heap of earth piled up over a burial or cremation. Small cairns and tumuli tend to cover single graves; whilst larger ones can have multiple burials therein. However we sometimes find that huge tombs have only one or two burials/cremations inside. In such cases it is probable that the people entombed there were of considerable importance: perhaps a tribal chief, a king, a queen, or powerful shaman. In many places across Brigantia and Scotland, where there’s a profusion of cairns/tumuli we tend to find good examples of prehistoric rock art, or cup-and-ring stones.

BARROWS, CAIRNS, TUMULI:  Bibliography & References

  1. Aberdour, Fife
  2. Achadh Thaibstil, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  3. Acharn Burn, Kenmore, Perthshire
  4. Achnacree, Achnacreebeag, Argyll
  5. Acrehowe Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  6. Addlebrough, Bainbridge, North Yorkshire
  7. Aird Thorr Innse, Gigha, Argyll
  8. Aithernie, Scoonie, Fife
  9. Alresford Hill, Alresford, Essex
  10. Angel Moon Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  11. Annfield, Bridge of Allan – see Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  12. Apronful of Stones, Wigtwizzle, Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  13. Apronful of Stones, Settle, North Yorkshire
  14. Ardilistry, Islay, Argyll
  15. Ardlamey, Gigha, Argyll
  16. Ardminish, Gigha, Argyll
  17. Armshaw Lowe, Oxenhope, West Yorkshire
  18. Ashleigh Barrow, Darwen, Lancashire
  19. Askwith Moor Cairnfield, North Yorkshire
  20. Auchenlaich, Callander, Perthshire
  21. Balloch, Alyth, Perthshire
  22. Badbury Barrow, Shapwick, Dorset
  23. Badger Wells Cairn, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  24. Baildon Moor Circle, West Yorkshire – see Lower Glovershaw
  25. Baile Mhargaite Cist (01), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  26. Baile Mhargaite Cist (02), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  27. Ballachraggan, Callander, Perthshire
  28. Barnhill, Jura, Argyll
  29. Baron’s Cairn, Black Crofts, Argyll
  30. Barr a’ Chuirn, Slockavullin, Kilmartin, Argyll
  31. Barrow Field, Bushy Park, Teddington, Middlesex
  32. Bartlow Hills, Bartlow, Cambridgeshire
  33. Battle Hill Dolmen, Huntly, Aberdeenshire
  34. Batty Wife Hole, Ribblehead, North Yorkshire
  35. Beacon Hill, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  36. Bedd y Cawr, Llanymynech, Montgomeryshire
  37. Beinn na Caillich, Broadford, Skye
  38. Belton Road, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  39. Birkhill House, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  40. Birkhill Sandpit, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  41. Blackheath Circle, Todmorden, West Yorkshire
  42. Black Hill Long Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  43. Black Hill Round Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  44. Black Hill Tumulus, Middleton Moor – see Round Hill, Middleton Moor
  45. Bleara Lowe, Earby, Lancashire
  46. Bleara Moor Cairnfield, Earby, Lancashire
  47. Bleara Moor Tumulus, Earby, Lancashire
  48. Brink Ends, Dovestones Moor, Trawden, Lancashire
  49. Boatbridge Quarry, Thankerton, Lanarkshire
  50. Borough Hills, West Mersea, Essex
  51. Borgie, Tongue, Sutherland
  52. Bown Hill Long Barrow, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  53. Bown Hill Tumulus, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  54. Bracklin Burn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  55. Briggate, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  56. Broadgate, Strathblane, Stirlingshire
  57. Brotton Howe, Brotton, Cleveland, North Yorkshire
  58. Brown Hill, Saddleworth, Lancashire
  59. Brown Howes, Ebberston Low Moor, North Yorkshire
  60. Bryn Celli Ddu, Llandaniel Fab, Anglesey
  61. Bul Barrow, Woolland, Dorset
  62. Burwains Lake, Foulridge, Lancashire
  63. Cairn 1, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  64. Cairn 2, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  65. Cairn 3, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  66. Cairn 4, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  67. Cairn 5, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  68. Cairn 6, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  69. Cairnbane, Portnacroish, Argyll
  70. Cairnpark, Dollar, Clackmannanshire
  71. Cairnwochel, Ardoch, Braco, Perthshire
  72. Calderstones, Allerton, Liverpool, Lancashire
  73. Caravan Park, Blair Drummond, Stirlingshire
  74. Carleatheran, Gargunnock, Stirlingshire
  75. Carleith, Crook of Devon, Kinross-shire
  76. Carlowrie, Kirkliston, Midlothian
  77. Carmyllie Hill, Greystone, Angus
  78. Carn Ban, Glen Cochill, Perthshire
  79. Carn Ban, Kilmartin, Argyll
  80. Castle Carr, Luddenden Dean, West Yorkshire
  81. Castle Farm Circles, Barcaldine, Argyll
  82. Castle Law, Blairlogie, Stirlingshire
  83. Catfoss Cemetery, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  84. Cat Heaps, Swanston, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  85. Catlow Quarry, Nelson, Lancashire
  86. Church Field, North Ockendon, Essex
  87. Cicely Low, Houndkirk Moor, South Yorkshire
  88. Cladh Chlainn Iain, Jura, Argyll
  89. Cliviger Laithe, Worsthorne, Burnley, Lancashire
  90. Cliviger Law, Mereclough, Burnley, Lancashire
  91. Cnoc a’ Chuirn Mhoir, Jura, Argyll
  92. Cnoc na Croise, Ardminish, Argyll
  93. Cock Hill, Wadsworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  94. Coldstone Beck Cairn (01), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  95. Coldstone Beck Cairn (02), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  96. Coldstone Beck Cairn (03), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  97. Coneypark Nursery, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  98. Cow Keeper’s Field, Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  99. Craigenkirn, New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire
  100. Craigkennockie, Burntisland, Fife
  101. Craigmaddie Muir (1), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  102. Craigmaddie Muir (2), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  103. Craigton, Cleish, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  104. Cray, Hubberholme, Buckden, North Yorkshire
  105. Creich Manse, Brunton, Fife
  106. Croes-llechau, Bronllys, Breconshire
  107. The Croft, Doune, Perthshire
  108. Cromlix Lodge, Dunblane, Perthshire
  109. Crow Hill Cairn Circle, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  110. Culliford Tree Barrow, Whitcombe, Dorset
  111. Cuparlaw Woods, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  112. Dalvraid, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  113. Danes Hills, Riccall, North Yorkshire
  114. Danes Hills, Skipwith, North Yorkshire
  115. Delf Hill, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  116. Devil’s Apronful, Appletreewick, North Yorkshire
  117. Devil’s Apronful, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  118. Devil’s Den, Clatford, Wiltshire
  119. Dobrudden Necropolis, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  120. Douglas Terrace, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  121. Downs Farm, Kempshott, Basingstoke, Hampshire
  122. Drizzlecombe 13, Ditsworthy Warren, Sheepstor, Devon
  123. Druimyeonbeg, Gigha, Argyll
  124. Duel Cross Hill, Grafton, North Yorkshire
  125. Dumpton Park, Ramsgate, Kent
  126. Dunblane Cathedral, Stirlingshire
  127. Dun Riaskidh, Torrisdale Bay, Sutherland
  128. Dwarf’s Tomb, Alva, Clackmannanshire
  129. Elf Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  130. Elf Howe, Horsforth, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  131. Elistoun West, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire
  132. Elphillock, Kildrummy, Aberdeenshire
  133. Fairy Knowe, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  134. Fairy Knowe, Crarae, Minard, Argyll
  135. Fairy Knowe, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  136. The Falls (1), Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  137. The Falls (2), Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  138. Feizor Thwaite, Lawkland, North Yorkshire
  139. Firtholme, Easington, East Yorkshire
  140. Fiscary 1, Farr, Sutherland
  141. Fiscary 2, Farr, Sutherland
  142. Fiscary 3, Farr, Sutherland
  143. Fiscary 4, Farr, Sutherland
  144. Flag Inn, St. Osyth, Essex
  145. Foel Fawr, Llanfechell, Anglesey
  146. Ford, Kilmartin, Argyll
  147. Fox Hill, Lowthorpe, East Yorkshire
  148. Frensham Common, Frensham, Surrey
  149. Galley Hill, Streatley, Bedfordshire
  150. Garadh Ban, Buchanan, Stirlingshire
  151. Gariob Cottage, Achnamara, Knapdale, Argyll
  152. Gask Hill, Collessie, Fife
  153. Ghost’s Knowe, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  154. Giant’s Grave, Reelig, Kirkhill, Inverness-shire
  155. Giant’s Grave, Tweedsmuir, Peeblesshire
  156. Giants’ Graves, Halton Gill, North Yorkshire
  157. Giant’s Knowe, Culloch, Muthill, Perthshire
  158. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (01), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  159. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (02), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  160. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (03), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  161. Glencreggan, Glenbarr, Kintyre, Argyll
  162. Glenrickard, Brodick, Arran, Argyll
  163. Glenshervie Burn, Glen Almond, Perthshire
  164. Gough’s Barrow, Long Compton, Warwickshire
  165. Graffa Plain, Brimham Rocks, Hartwith, North Yorkshire
  166. Great Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  167. Great Skirtful Ring, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  168. Green Crag Top Cairns, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  169. Green Howe, North Deighton, North Yorkshire
  170. Grubstones Circle, Burley Moor – see Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  171. Hades Hill, Whitworth, Lancashire
  172. Hagg Woods, Thongsbridge, Holmfirth, West Yorkshire
  173. Hamilton Farm, Cambuslang, Lanarkshire
  174. Harden Moor Cairnfield, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  175. Harden Moor Circle, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  176. Hare Hill, Elslack, North Yorkshire
  177. Harlaw, Fairnington, Roxburghshire
  178. Hatfield Barrow, Marden, Wiltshire
  179. Haulgh, Bolton, Lancashire
  180. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  181. Hawksworth Moor (01), West Yorkshire
  182. Hawksworth Moor (02), West Yorkshire
  183. Hawksworth Moor (03), West Yorkshire
  184. Hazell Circle, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  185. Heights Farm, Quernmore, Lancashire
  186. Heligar Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  187. Heyshaw Moor (north), Dacre, North Yorkshire
  188. High Close Cairn, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  189. High Low Ridge, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  190. High Marchup, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  191. High Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  192. High Street Barrow, Towthorpe, East Yorkshire
  193. Higher Town Bay, St. Martin’s, Scilly Isles
  194. Ilkley Gate, Ilkley Moor – Cairn Circles (NEW FIND)
  195. Intake Lodge, Yearsley, North Yorkshire
  196. Invercharnan, Glen Etive, Argyll
  197. Jack Straw’s Castle, Kilmington, Wiltshire
  198. Jeppe Knave Grave, Wiswell, Lancashire
  199. Judge’s Cairn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  200. Keighley Train Station, West Yorkshire
  201. Kemp Howe, Sledmere, East Yorkshire
  202. Kerrycrusach, Bute, Argyll
  203. King’s Yett, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  204. Kinpurnie, Newtyle, Angus
  205. Kippenross House, Dunblane, Stirlingshire
  206. Kirkshaws, Old Monkland, Lanarkshire
  207. Kit’s Coty House, Aylesford, Kent
  208. Lanshaw Cairn 01, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  209. Lanshaw Cairn 02, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  210. Lanshaw Cairn 03, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  211. Larkfield, Maidstone, Kent
  212. Lea Green, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  213. Leaf Howe, Stape, North Yorkshire
  214. Leathad Carnaich, Dalhalvaig, Caithness
  215. Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  216. Lexden, Colchester, Essex
  217. Limekiln Field, Pytchley, Northamptonshire
  218. Lippersley Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  219. Little Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  220. Long Man’s Grave, Abernyte, Perthshire
  221. Long Skelpick, Bettyhill, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  222. Lower Apronful of Stones, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  223. Lower Glovershaw, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  224. Lower Higham Farm, Hyde, Lancashire
  225. Low Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  226. Lyneham Barrow, Ascott-under-Wychwood, Oxfordshire
  227. MacRee’s Cairn, Glen Meurain, Fortingall, Perthshire
  228. Manton Down, Rockley, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  229. Marriotts Barrows, Hyde, Lancashire
  230. Merlin’s Grave, Drumelzier, Peeblesshire
  231. Merlin’s Mount, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  232. Millbarrow, Winterbourne Monkton, Wiltshire
  233. Miller’s Grave, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  234. Mill Hill, Eastburn, Driffield, East Yorkshire
  235. Mini-Skirtful of Stones, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  236. Minning Low, Aldwark, Derbyshire
  237. Moor Hey, Weeton, Lancashire
  238. Mount Pleasant, Normanby, North Yorkshire
  239. Mount Skip, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  240. Mount Zion, Illingworth, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  241. Mutlow Hill, Great Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire
  242. Nanny Howe, Coate Moor, Kildale, North Yorkshire
  243. Nanny’s Grave, Steeton, West Yorkshire
  244. Nether Glenny, Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  245. Nether Glenny 02, Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  246. Ninewells, Caputh, Perthshire
  247. Nixon’s Station, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  248. North Hill, Samson, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  249. Oliver Cromwell’s Hill, Eye, Cambridgeshire
  250. Ossian’s Stone, Sma’ Glen, Fowlis Wester, Perthshire
  251. Overton Down Tomb, West Overton, Wiltshire
  252. Parsons Lane, Silsden, West Yorkshire – see High Marchup
  253. Pendreich 1, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  254. Pendreich 2, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  255. Pendreich 3, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  256. Pennythorn Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  257. Perces, Halstead, Essex
  258. Pike Lowe, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  259. Pleasington Cemetery, Blackburn, Lancashire
  260. Pool Farm, Priddy, Somerset
  261. Port na Cleire, Gigha, Argyll
  262. Pudding Pie Hill, Thirsk, North Yorkshire
  263. Pule Hill, Marsden, West Yorkshire
  264. Queen’s Cairn, Farr, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  265. Quernhow, Ainderby Quernhow, North Yorkshire
  266. Reddicar Clough, Hallam Moor, Sheffield, South Yorkshire
  267. Ringstone Edge, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  268. Rockcliff Beacon, Boulby – see The Falls (1)
  269. Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  270. Round Hill, Middleton Moor, North Yorkshire
  271. Round Hill Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  272. Ruston Beacon, Ruston Parva, East Yorkshire
  273. Rye Loaf Hill, Settle, North Yorkshire
  274. St. John’s Green, Colchester, Essex
  275. St. Medan’s Knowe, Kirkton of Airlie, Angus
  276. Sauchie, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  277. Scale House, Rylstone, North Yorkshire
  278. Seaty Hill, Malham Moor, North Yorkshire
  279. Serpent Mound, Scallasaig, Glen More, Inverness-shire
  280. Shaman’s Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  281. Shaw Hill, Skirtcoat, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  282. Shawfield, Rutherglen, Lanarkshire
  283. Sheep Scar Cairn, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  284. Sheep Scar Cairn Circle, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  285. Silver Hill, Stanbury, West Yorkshire
  286. Sithean Mor, Shian, Iona, Argyll
  287. Skirtful of Stones, Horton-in-Ribblesdale, North Yorkshire
  288. Slade Cairnfield, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  289. Snowden Crags Circle, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  290. Snowden Crags Necropolis, Timble, North Yorkshire
  291. South Wonston, Hampshire
  292. Spell Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  293. Staple Howe, Kirklington, North Yorkshire
  294. Stapley Hill, Kirklington – see Staple Howe, Kirklington North Yorkshire
  295. Stone Man, Kirkby Ravensworth, North Yorkshire
  296. Stoney Raise, Addlebrough, Thornton Rust, North Yorkshire
  297. Stoodley Pike Circle, Mankinholes, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  298. Strowan, Crieff, Perthshire
  299. Swinkly Knoll, Egglesburn, Durham
  300. Tarbert, Argyll
  301. Thieveley, Holme Chapel, Burnley, Lancashire
  302. Toad Stones, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  303. Todholes (01), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  304. Todholes (02), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  305. Tomb Stone, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  306. Torrisholme Barrow, Morecambe, Lancashire
  307. Tower Hill, Warley, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  308. Town Lane, St. Mary’s, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  309. Tulloch Knowe, Doune, Perthshire
  310. Two Lads, Withens Moor, Cragg Vale, West Yorkshire
  311. Upper Killay, Killay, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
  312. Warlocks’ Tomb, Muckhart, Clackmannanshire
  313. West Lodge, Touch, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  314. Whispering Knights, Rollright, Oxfordshire
  315. White Cairn, Glen Cochill – see Carn Ban
  316. Wicking Crag, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  317. Winterborne Came 18b, Bincombe, Dorset
  318. Witch Hillock, Maryland, Kincardineshire
  319. Woofa Bank Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  320. Wytchley Warren, Edith Weston, Rutland

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian