Barrows, Cairns, Tombs & Tumuli

For those who may not know, the terms ‘cairns’ and ‘tumuli’ are just prehistoric tombs. Another word we find as we move further north into Scotland is ‘cist’, which has a similar affiliation – though a cist is more accurately a stone-lined coffin, over which cairns tend to be built. A cairn is a pile of loose rocks and stones, which tends to be erected over a single or multiple burial or cremation – though without excavation we can never be sure which one it’s gonna be! Chambered cairns are well-designed cairns with lengthy entrances or internal ‘rooms.’ A tumulus meanwhile (‘tumuli’ is the plural) is a heap of earth piled up over a burial or cremation. Small cairns and tumuli tend to cover single graves; whilst larger ones can have multiple burials therein. However we sometimes find that huge tombs have only one or two burials/cremations inside. In such cases it is probable that the people entombed there were of considerable importance: perhaps a tribal chief, a king, a queen, or powerful shaman. In many places across Brigantia and Scotland, where there’s a profusion of cairns/tumuli we tend to find good examples of prehistoric rock art, or cup-and-ring stones.

BARROWS, CAIRNS, TUMULI:  Bibliography & References

  1. Aberdour, Fife
  2. Achadh Thaibstil, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  3. Acharn Burn, Kenmore, Perthshire
  4. Achnacree, Achnacreebeag, Argyll
  5. Acrehowe Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  6. Addlebrough, Bainbridge, North Yorkshire
  7. Aird Thorr Innse, Gigha, Argyll
  8. Aithernie, Scoonie, Fife
  9. Alresford Hill, Alresford, Essex
  10. Angel Moon Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  11. Annfield, Bridge of Allan – see Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  12. Apronful of Stones, Wigtwizzle, Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  13. Apronful of Stones, Settle, North Yorkshire
  14. Ardilistry, Islay, Argyll
  15. Ardlamey, Gigha, Argyll
  16. Ardminish, Gigha, Argyll
  17. Armshaw Lowe, Oxenhope, West Yorkshire
  18. Ashleigh Barrow, Darwen, Lancashire
  19. Askwith Moor Cairnfield, North Yorkshire
  20. Auchenlaich, Callander, Perthshire
  21. Balloch, Alyth, Perthshire
  22. Badbury Barrow, Shapwick, Dorset
  23. Badger Wells Cairn, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  24. Baildon Moor Circle, West Yorkshire – see Lower Glovershaw
  25. Baile Mhargaite Cist (01), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  26. Baile Mhargaite Cist (02), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  27. Ballachraggan, Callander, Perthshire
  28. Barnhill, Jura, Argyll
  29. Baron’s Cairn, Black Crofts, Argyll
  30. Barr a’ Chuirn, Slockavullin, Kilmartin, Argyll
  31. Barrow Field, Bushy Park, Teddington, Middlesex
  32. Bartlow Hills, Bartlow, Cambridgeshire
  33. Battle Hill Dolmen, Huntly, Aberdeenshire
  34. Batty Wife Hole, Ribblehead, North Yorkshire
  35. Beacon Hill, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  36. Bedd y Cawr, Llanymynech, Montgomeryshire
  37. Beinn na Caillich, Broadford, Skye
  38. Belton Road, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  39. Birkhill House, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  40. Birkhill Sandpit, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  41. Blackheath Circle, Todmorden, West Yorkshire
  42. Black Hill Long Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  43. Black Hill Round Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  44. Black Hill Tumulus, Middleton Moor – see Round Hill, Middleton Moor
  45. Bleara Lowe, Earby, Lancashire
  46. Bleara Moor Cairnfield, Earby, Lancashire
  47. Bleara Moor Tumulus, Earby, Lancashire
  48. Brink Ends, Dovestones Moor, Trawden, Lancashire
  49. Boatbridge Quarry, Thankerton, Lanarkshire
  50. Borough Hills, West Mersea, Essex
  51. Borgie, Tongue, Sutherland
  52. Bown Hill Long Barrow, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  53. Bown Hill Tumulus, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  54. Bracklin Burn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  55. Briggate, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  56. Broadgate, Strathblane, Stirlingshire
  57. Brotton Howe, Brotton, Cleveland, North Yorkshire
  58. Brown Hill, Saddleworth, Lancashire
  59. Brown Howes, Ebberston Low Moor, North Yorkshire
  60. Bryn Celli Ddu, Llandaniel Fab, Anglesey
  61. Bul Barrow, Woolland, Dorset
  62. Burwains Lake, Foulridge, Lancashire
  63. Cairn 1, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  64. Cairn 2, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  65. Cairn 3, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  66. Cairn 4, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  67. Cairn 5, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  68. Cairn 6, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  69. Cairnbane, Portnacroish, Argyll
  70. Cairnpark, Dollar, Clackmannanshire
  71. Cairnwochel, Ardoch, Braco, Perthshire
  72. Calderstones, Allerton, Liverpool, Lancashire
  73. Caravan Park, Blair Drummond, Stirlingshire
  74. Carleatheran, Gargunnock, Stirlingshire
  75. Carleith, Crook of Devon, Kinross-shire
  76. Carlowrie, Kirkliston, Midlothian
  77. Carmyllie Hill, Greystone, Angus
  78. Carn Ban, Glen Cochill, Perthshire
  79. Carn Ban, Kilmartin, Argyll
  80. Castle Carr, Luddenden Dean, West Yorkshire
  81. Castle Farm Circles, Barcaldine, Argyll
  82. Castle Law, Blairlogie, Stirlingshire
  83. Catfoss Cemetery, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  84. Cat Heaps, Swanston, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  85. Catlow Quarry, Nelson, Lancashire
  86. Church Field, North Ockendon, Essex
  87. Cicely Low, Houndkirk Moor, South Yorkshire
  88. Cladh Chlainn Iain, Jura, Argyll
  89. Cliviger Laithe, Worsthorne, Burnley, Lancashire
  90. Cliviger Law, Mereclough, Burnley, Lancashire
  91. Cnoc a’ Chuirn Mhoir, Jura, Argyll
  92. Cnoc na Croise, Ardminish, Argyll
  93. Cock Hill, Wadsworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  94. Coldstone Beck Cairn (01), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  95. Coldstone Beck Cairn (02), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  96. Coldstone Beck Cairn (03), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  97. Coneypark Nursery, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  98. Cow Keeper’s Field, Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  99. Craigenkirn, New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire
  100. Craigkennockie, Burntisland, Fife
  101. Craigmaddie Muir (1), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  102. Craigmaddie Muir (2), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  103. Craigton, Cleish, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  104. Cray, Hubberholme, Buckden, North Yorkshire
  105. Creich Manse, Brunton, Fife
  106. Croes-llechau, Bronllys, Breconshire
  107. The Croft, Doune, Perthshire
  108. Cromlix Lodge, Dunblane, Perthshire
  109. Crow Hill Cairn Circle, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  110. Culliford Tree Barrow, Whitcombe, Dorset
  111. Cuparlaw Woods, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  112. Dalvraid, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  113. Danes Hills, Riccall, North Yorkshire
  114. Danes Hills, Skipwith, North Yorkshire
  115. Delf Hill, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  116. Devil’s Apronful, Appletreewick, North Yorkshire
  117. Devil’s Apronful, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  118. Devil’s Den, Clatford, Wiltshire
  119. Dobrudden Necropolis, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  120. Douglas Terrace, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  121. Downs Farm, Kempshott, Basingstoke, Hampshire
  122. Drizzlecombe 13, Ditsworthy Warren, Sheepstor, Devon
  123. Druimyeonbeg, Gigha, Argyll
  124. Duel Cross Hill, Grafton, North Yorkshire
  125. Dumpton Park, Ramsgate, Kent
  126. Dunblane Cathedral, Stirlingshire
  127. Dun Riaskidh, Torrisdale Bay, Sutherland
  128. Dwarf’s Tomb, Alva, Clackmannanshire
  129. Elf Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  130. Elf Howe, Horsforth, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  131. Elistoun West, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire
  132. Elphillock, Kildrummy, Aberdeenshire
  133. Fairy Knowe, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  134. Fairy Knowe, Crarae, Minard, Argyll
  135. Fairy Knowe, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  136. Fairy Toot, Butcombe, Somerset
  137. The Falls (1), Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  138. The Falls (2), Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  139. Feizor Thwaite, Lawkland, North Yorkshire
  140. Firtholme, Easington, East Yorkshire
  141. Fiscary 1, Farr, Sutherland
  142. Fiscary 2, Farr, Sutherland
  143. Fiscary 3, Farr, Sutherland
  144. Fiscary 4, Farr, Sutherland
  145. Flag Inn, St. Osyth, Essex
  146. Foel Fawr, Llanfechell, Anglesey
  147. Ford, Kilmartin, Argyll
  148. Fox Hill, Lowthorpe, East Yorkshire
  149. Frensham Common, Frensham, Surrey
  150. Galley Hill, Streatley, Bedfordshire
  151. Garadh Ban, Buchanan, Stirlingshire
  152. Gariob Cottage, Achnamara, Knapdale, Argyll
  153. Gask Hill, Collessie, Fife
  154. Ghost’s Knowe, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  155. Giant’s Grave, Reelig, Kirkhill, Inverness-shire
  156. Giant’s Grave, Tweedsmuir, Peeblesshire
  157. Giants’ Graves, Halton Gill, North Yorkshire
  158. Giant’s Knowe, Culloch, Muthill, Perthshire
  159. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (01), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  160. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (02), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  161. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (03), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  162. Glencreggan, Glenbarr, Kintyre, Argyll
  163. Glenrickard, Brodick, Arran, Argyll
  164. Glenshervie Burn, Glen Almond, Perthshire
  165. Gough’s Barrow, Long Compton, Warwickshire
  166. Graffa Plain, Brimham Rocks, Hartwith, North Yorkshire
  167. Great Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  168. Great Skirtful Ring, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  169. Green Crag Top Cairns, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  170. Green Howe, North Deighton, North Yorkshire
  171. Grubstones Circle, Burley Moor – see Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  172. Hades Hill, Whitworth, Lancashire
  173. Hagg Woods, Thongsbridge, Holmfirth, West Yorkshire
  174. Hamilton Farm, Cambuslang, Lanarkshire
  175. Harden Moor Cairnfield, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  176. Harden Moor Circle, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  177. Hare Hill, Elslack, North Yorkshire
  178. Harlaw, Fairnington, Roxburghshire
  179. Hatfield Barrow, Marden, Wiltshire
  180. Haulgh, Bolton, Lancashire
  181. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  182. Hawksworth Moor (01), West Yorkshire
  183. Hawksworth Moor (02), West Yorkshire
  184. Hawksworth Moor (03), West Yorkshire
  185. Hazell Circle, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  186. Heights Farm, Quernmore, Lancashire
  187. Heligar Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  188. Heyshaw Moor (north), Dacre, North Yorkshire
  189. High Close Cairn, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  190. High Low Ridge, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  191. High Marchup, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  192. High Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  193. High Street Barrow, Towthorpe, East Yorkshire
  194. Higher Town Bay, St. Martin’s, Scilly Isles
  195. Ilkley Gate, Ilkley Moor – Cairn Circles (NEW FIND)
  196. Intake Lodge, Yearsley, North Yorkshire
  197. Invercharnan, Glen Etive, Argyll
  198. Jack Straw’s Castle, Kilmington, Wiltshire
  199. Jeppe Knave Grave, Wiswell, Lancashire
  200. Judge’s Cairn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  201. Keighley Train Station, West Yorkshire
  202. Kemp Howe, Sledmere, East Yorkshire
  203. Kerrycrusach, Bute, Argyll
  204. King’s Yett, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  205. Kinpurnie, Newtyle, Angus
  206. Kippenross House, Dunblane, Stirlingshire
  207. Kirkshaws, Old Monkland, Lanarkshire
  208. Kit’s Coty House, Aylesford, Kent
  209. Lanshaw Cairn 01, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  210. Lanshaw Cairn 02, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  211. Lanshaw Cairn 03, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  212. Larkfield, Maidstone, Kent
  213. Lea Green, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  214. Leaf Howe, Stape, North Yorkshire
  215. Leathad Carnaich, Dalhalvaig, Caithness
  216. Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  217. Lexden, Colchester, Essex
  218. Limekiln Field, Pytchley, Northamptonshire
  219. Lippersley Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  220. Little Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  221. Long Man’s Grave, Abernyte, Perthshire
  222. Long Skelpick, Bettyhill, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  223. Lower Apronful of Stones, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  224. Lower Glovershaw, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  225. Lower Higham Farm, Hyde, Lancashire
  226. Low Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  227. Lyneham Barrow, Ascott-under-Wychwood, Oxfordshire
  228. MacRee’s Cairn, Glen Meurain, Fortingall, Perthshire
  229. Manton Down, Rockley, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  230. Marriotts Barrows, Hyde, Lancashire
  231. Merlin’s Grave, Drumelzier, Peeblesshire
  232. Merlin’s Mount, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  233. Millbarrow, Winterbourne Monkton, Wiltshire
  234. Miller’s Grave, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  235. Mill Hill, Eastburn, Driffield, East Yorkshire
  236. Mini-Skirtful of Stones, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  237. Minning Low, Aldwark, Derbyshire
  238. Moor Hey, Weeton, Lancashire
  239. Mount Pleasant, Normanby, North Yorkshire
  240. Mount Skip, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  241. Mount Zion, Illingworth, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  242. Mutlow Hill, Great Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire
  243. Nanny Howe, Coate Moor, Kildale, North Yorkshire
  244. Nanny’s Grave, Steeton, West Yorkshire
  245. Nether Glenny, Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  246. Nether Glenny 02, Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  247. Ninewells, Caputh, Perthshire
  248. Nixon’s Station, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  249. North Hill, Samson, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  250. Old Pleck Barrow, Rushmore, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire
  251. Oliver Cromwell’s Hill, Eye, Cambridgeshire
  252. Ossian’s Stone, Sma’ Glen, Fowlis Wester, Perthshire
  253. Overton Down Tomb, West Overton, Wiltshire
  254. Parsons Lane, Silsden, West Yorkshire – see High Marchup
  255. Pendreich 1, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  256. Pendreich 2, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  257. Pendreich 3, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  258. Pennythorn Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  259. Perces, Halstead, Essex
  260. Pike Lowe, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  261. Pleasington Cemetery, Blackburn, Lancashire
  262. Pool Farm, Priddy, Somerset
  263. Port na Cleire, Gigha, Argyll
  264. Pudding Pie Hill, Thirsk, North Yorkshire
  265. Pule Hill, Marsden, West Yorkshire
  266. Queen’s Cairn, Farr, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  267. Quernhow, Ainderby Quernhow, North Yorkshire
  268. Reddicar Clough, Hallam Moor, Sheffield, South Yorkshire
  269. Ringstone Edge, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  270. Rockcliff Beacon, Boulby – see The Falls (1)
  271. Rolleston Barrow, Rushmore, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire
  272. Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  273. Round Hill, Middleton Moor, North Yorkshire
  274. Round Hill Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  275. Ruston Beacon, Ruston Parva, East Yorkshire
  276. Rye Loaf Hill, Settle, North Yorkshire
  277. St. John’s Green, Colchester, Essex
  278. St. Medan’s Knowe, Kirkton of Airlie, Angus
  279. Sauchie, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  280. Scale House, Rylstone, North Yorkshire
  281. Seaty Hill, Malham Moor, North Yorkshire
  282. Serpent Mound, Scallasaig, Glen More, Inverness-shire
  283. Shaman’s Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  284. Shaw Hill, Skirtcoat, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  285. Shawfield, Rutherglen, Lanarkshire
  286. Sheep Scar Cairn, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  287. Sheep Scar Cairn Circle, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  288. Silver Hill, Stanbury, West Yorkshire
  289. Sithean Mor, Shian, Iona, Argyll
  290. Skirtful of Stones, Horton-in-Ribblesdale, North Yorkshire
  291. Slade Cairnfield, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  292. Snowden Crags Circle, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  293. Snowden Crags Necropolis, Timble, North Yorkshire
  294. South Wonston, Hampshire
  295. Spell Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  296. Staple Howe, Kirklington, North Yorkshire
  297. Stapley Hill, Kirklington – see Staple Howe, Kirklington North Yorkshire
  298. Stone Man, Kirkby Ravensworth, North Yorkshire
  299. Stoney Raise, Addlebrough, Thornton Rust, North Yorkshire
  300. Stoodley Pike Circle, Mankinholes, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  301. Strowan, Crieff, Perthshire
  302. Swinkly Knoll, Egglesburn, Durham
  303. Tarbert, Argyll
  304. Thieveley, Holme Chapel, Burnley, Lancashire
  305. Toad Stones, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  306. Todholes (01), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  307. Todholes (02), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  308. Tomb Stone, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  309. Torrisholme Barrow, Morecambe, Lancashire
  310. Tower Hill, Warley, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  311. Town Lane, St. Mary’s, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  312. Tulloch Knowe, Doune, Perthshire
  313. Two Lads, Withens Moor, Cragg Vale, West Yorkshire
  314. Upper Killay, Killay, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
  315. Warlocks’ Tomb, Muckhart, Clackmannanshire
  316. West Lodge, Touch, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  317. Whispering Knights, Rollright, Oxfordshire
  318. White Cairn, Glen Cochill – see Carn Ban
  319. Wicking Crag, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  320. Winterborne Came 18b, Bincombe, Dorset
  321. Witch Hillock, Maryland, Kincardineshire
  322. Woofa Bank Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  323. Wytchley Warren, Edith Weston, Rutland

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian