Barrows, Cairns, Tombs & Tumuli

For those who may not know, the terms ‘cairns’ and ‘tumuli’ are just prehistoric tombs. Another word we find as we move further north into Scotland is ‘cist’, which has a similar affiliation – though a cist is more accurately a stone-lined coffin, over which cairns tend to be built. A cairn is a pile of loose rocks and stones, which tends to be erected over a single or multiple burial or cremation – though without excavation we can never be sure which one it’s gonna be! Chambered cairns are well-designed cairns with lengthy entrances or internal ‘rooms.’ A tumulus meanwhile (‘tumuli’ is the plural) is a heap of earth piled up over a burial or cremation. Small cairns and tumuli tend to cover single graves; whilst larger ones can have multiple burials therein. However we sometimes find that huge tombs have only one or two burials/cremations inside. In such cases it is probable that the people entombed there were of considerable importance: perhaps a tribal chief, a king, a queen, or powerful shaman. In many places across Brigantia and Scotland, where there’s a profusion of cairns/tumuli we tend to find good examples of prehistoric rock art, or cup-and-ring stones.

BARROWS, CAIRNS, TUMULI:  Bibliography & References

  1. Aberdour, Fife
  2. Achadh Thaibstil, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  3. Acharn Burn, Kenmore, Perthshire
  4. Achnacree, Achnacreebeag, Argyll
  5. Acrehowe Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  6. Addlebrough, Bainbridge, North Yorkshire
  7. Aird Thorr Innse, Gigha, Argyll
  8. Aithernie, Scoonie, Fife
  9. Alresford Hill, Alresford, Essex
  10. Angel Moon Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  11. Annfield, Bridge of Allan – see Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  12. Apronful of Stones, Wigtwizzle, Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  13. Apronful of Stones, Settle, North Yorkshire
  14. Ardilistry, Islay, Argyll
  15. Ardlamey, Gigha, Argyll
  16. Ardminish, Gigha, Argyll
  17. Armshaw Lowe, Oxenhope, West Yorkshire
  18. Ashleigh Barrow, Darwen, Lancashire
  19. Askwith Moor Cairnfield, North Yorkshire
  20. Auchenlaich, Callander, Perthshire
  21. Balloch, Alyth, Perthshire
  22. Badbury Barrow, Shapwick, Dorset
  23. Badger Wells Cairn, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  24. Baildon Moor Circle, West Yorkshire – see Lower Glovershaw
  25. Baile Mhargaite Cist (01), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  26. Baile Mhargaite Cist (02), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  27. Ballachraggan, Callander, Perthshire
  28. Barnhill, Jura, Argyll
  29. Baron’s Cairn, Black Crofts, Argyll
  30. Barr a’ Chuirn, Slockavullin, Kilmartin, Argyll
  31. Barrow Field, Bushy Park, Teddington, Middlesex
  32. Bartlow Hills, Bartlow, Cambridgeshire
  33. Battle Hill Dolmen, Huntly, Aberdeenshire
  34. Batty Wife Hole, Ribblehead, North Yorkshire
  35. Beacon Hill, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  36. Bedd y Cawr, Llanymynech, Montgomeryshire
  37. Beinn na Caillich, Broadford, Skye
  38. Belton Road, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  39. Birkhill House, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  40. Birkhill Sandpit, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  41. Blackheath Circle, Todmorden, West Yorkshire
  42. Black Hill Long Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  43. Black Hill Round Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  44. Black Hill Tumulus, Middleton Moor – see Round Hill, Middleton Moor
  45. Bleara Lowe, Earby, Lancashire
  46. Bleara Moor Cairnfield, Earby, Lancashire
  47. Bleara Moor Tumulus, Earby, Lancashire
  48. Brink Ends, Dovestones Moor, Trawden, Lancashire
  49. Boatbridge Quarry, Thankerton, Lanarkshire
  50. Borough Hills, West Mersea, Essex
  51. Borgie, Tongue, Sutherland
  52. Bown Hill Long Barrow, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  53. Bown Hill Tumulus, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  54. Bracklin Burn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  55. Briggate, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  56. Broadgate, Strathblane, Stirlingshire
  57. Brotton Howe, Brotton, Cleveland, North Yorkshire
  58. Brown Hill, Saddleworth, Lancashire
  59. Brown Howes, Ebberston Low Moor, North Yorkshire
  60. Bryn Celli Ddu, Llandaniel Fab, Anglesey
  61. Bul Barrow, Woolland, Dorset
  62. Burwains Lake, Foulridge, Lancashire
  63. Cairn 1, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  64. Cairn 2, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  65. Cairn 3, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  66. Cairn 4, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  67. Cairn 5, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  68. Cairn 6, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  69. Cairnbane, Portnacroish, Argyll
  70. Cairnpark, Dollar, Clackmannanshire
  71. Cairnwochel, Ardoch, Braco, Perthshire
  72. Calderstones, Allerton, Liverpool, Lancashire
  73. Caravan Park, Blair Drummond, Stirlingshire
  74. Carleatheran, Gargunnock, Stirlingshire
  75. Carleith, Crook of Devon, Kinross-shire
  76. Carlowrie, Kirkliston, Midlothian
  77. Carmyllie Hill, Greystone, Angus
  78. Carn Ban, Glen Cochill, Perthshire
  79. Carn Ban, Kilmartin, Argyll
  80. Castle Carr, Luddenden Dean, West Yorkshire
  81. Castle Farm Circles, Barcaldine, Argyll
  82. Castle Law, Blairlogie, Stirlingshire
  83. Catfoss Cemetery, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  84. Cat Heaps, Swanston, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  85. Catlow Quarry, Nelson, Lancashire
  86. Church Field, North Ockendon, Essex
  87. Cicely Low, Houndkirk Moor, South Yorkshire
  88. Cladh Chlainn Iain, Jura, Argyll
  89. Cliviger Laithe, Worsthorne, Burnley, Lancashire
  90. Cliviger Law, Mereclough, Burnley, Lancashire
  91. Cnoc a’ Chuirn Mhoir, Jura, Argyll
  92. Cnoc na Croise, Ardminish, Argyll
  93. Cock Hill, Wadsworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  94. Cock Howe (1), Skelton Moor, Marske, North Yorkshire
  95. Coldstone Beck Cairn (01), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  96. Coldstone Beck Cairn (02), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  97. Coldstone Beck Cairn (03), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  98. Coneypark Nursery, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  99. Cow Keeper’s Field, Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  100. Craigenkirn, New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire
  101. Craigkennockie, Burntisland, Fife
  102. Craigmaddie Muir (1), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  103. Craigmaddie Muir (2), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  104. Craigton, Cleish, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  105. Cray, Hubberholme, Buckden, North Yorkshire
  106. Creich Manse, Brunton, Fife
  107. Croes-llechau, Bronllys, Breconshire
  108. The Croft, Doune, Perthshire
  109. Cromlix Lodge, Dunblane, Perthshire
  110. Crow Hill Cairn Circle, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  111. Culliford Tree Barrow, Whitcombe, Dorset
  112. Cuparlaw Woods, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  113. Dalvraid, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  114. Danes Hills, Riccall, North Yorkshire
  115. Danes Hills, Skipwith, North Yorkshire
  116. Delf Hill, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  117. Devil’s Apronful, Appletreewick, North Yorkshire
  118. Devil’s Apronful, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  119. Devil’s Den, Clatford, Wiltshire
  120. Dobrudden Necropolis, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  121. Douglas Terrace, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  122. Downs Farm, Kempshott, Basingstoke, Hampshire
  123. Drizzlecombe 13, Ditsworthy Warren, Sheepstor, Devon
  124. Druimyeonbeg, Gigha, Argyll
  125. Duel Cross Hill, Grafton, North Yorkshire
  126. Dumpton Park, Ramsgate, Kent
  127. Dunblane Cathedral, Stirlingshire
  128. Dun Riaskidh, Torrisdale Bay, Sutherland
  129. Dwarf’s Tomb, Alva, Clackmannanshire
  130. Elf Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  131. Elf Howe, Horsforth, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  132. Elistoun West, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire
  133. Elphillock, Kildrummy, Aberdeenshire
  134. Fairy Knowe, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  135. Fairy Knowe, Crarae, Minard, Argyll
  136. Fairy Knowe, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  137. Fairy Toot, Butcombe, Somerset
  138. The Falls (1), Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  139. The Falls (2), Boulby, Easington, North Yorkshire
  140. Feizor Thwaite, Lawkland, North Yorkshire
  141. Firtholme, Easington, East Yorkshire
  142. Fiscary 1, Farr, Sutherland
  143. Fiscary 2, Farr, Sutherland
  144. Fiscary 3, Farr, Sutherland
  145. Fiscary 4, Farr, Sutherland
  146. Flag Inn, St. Osyth, Essex
  147. Foel Fawr, Llanfechell, Anglesey
  148. Ford, Kilmartin, Argyll
  149. Fox Hill, Lowthorpe, East Yorkshire
  150. Frensham Common, Frensham, Surrey
  151. Galley Hill, Streatley, Bedfordshire
  152. Garadh Ban, Buchanan, Stirlingshire
  153. Gariob Cottage, Achnamara, Knapdale, Argyll
  154. Gask Hill, Collessie, Fife
  155. Ghost’s Knowe, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  156. Giant’s Grave, Reelig, Kirkhill, Inverness-shire
  157. Giant’s Grave, Tweedsmuir, Peeblesshire
  158. Giants’ Graves, Halton Gill, North Yorkshire
  159. Giant’s Knowe, Culloch, Muthill, Perthshire
  160. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (01), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  161. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (02), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  162. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (03), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  163. Glencreggan, Glenbarr, Kintyre, Argyll
  164. Glenrickard, Brodick, Arran, Argyll
  165. Glenshervie Burn, Glen Almond, Perthshire
  166. Gough’s Barrow, Long Compton, Warwickshire
  167. Graffa Plain, Brimham Rocks, Hartwith, North Yorkshire
  168. Great Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  169. Great Skirtful Ring, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  170. Green Crag Top Cairns, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  171. Green Howe, North Deighton, North Yorkshire
  172. Grubstones Circle, Burley Moor – see Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  173. Hades Hill, Whitworth, Lancashire
  174. Hagg Woods, Thongsbridge, Holmfirth, West Yorkshire
  175. Hamilton Farm, Cambuslang, Lanarkshire
  176. Harden Moor Cairnfield, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  177. Harden Moor Circle, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  178. Hare Hill, Elslack, North Yorkshire
  179. Harlaw, Fairnington, Roxburghshire
  180. Hatfield Barrow, Marden, Wiltshire
  181. Haulgh, Bolton, Lancashire
  182. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  183. Hawksworth Moor (01), West Yorkshire
  184. Hawksworth Moor (02), West Yorkshire
  185. Hawksworth Moor (03), West Yorkshire
  186. Hazell Circle, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  187. Heights Farm, Quernmore, Lancashire
  188. Heligar Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  189. Heyshaw Moor (north), Dacre, North Yorkshire
  190. High Close Cairn, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  191. High Low Ridge, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  192. High Marchup, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  193. High Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  194. High Street Barrow, Towthorpe, East Yorkshire
  195. Higher Town Bay, St. Martin’s, Scilly Isles
  196. Ilkley Gate, Ilkley Moor – Cairn Circles (NEW FIND)
  197. Intake Lodge, Yearsley, North Yorkshire
  198. Invercharnan, Glen Etive, Argyll
  199. Jack Straw’s Castle, Kilmington, Wiltshire
  200. Jeppe Knave Grave, Wiswell, Lancashire
  201. Judge’s Cairn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  202. Keighley Train Station, West Yorkshire
  203. Kemp Howe, Sledmere, East Yorkshire
  204. Kerrycrusach, Bute, Argyll
  205. King’s Yett, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  206. Kinpurnie, Newtyle, Angus
  207. Kippenross House, Dunblane, Stirlingshire
  208. Kirkshaws, Old Monkland, Lanarkshire
  209. Kit’s Coty House, Aylesford, Kent
  210. Lanshaw Cairn 01, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  211. Lanshaw Cairn 02, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  212. Lanshaw Cairn 03, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  213. Larkfield, Maidstone, Kent
  214. Law Knowe, Niddrie, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  215. Lea Green, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  216. Leaf Howe, Stape, North Yorkshire
  217. Leathad Carnaich, Dalhalvaig, Caithness
  218. Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  219. Lexden, Colchester, Essex
  220. Limekiln Field, Pytchley, Northamptonshire
  221. Lippersley Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  222. Little Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  223. Long Man’s Grave, Abernyte, Perthshire
  224. Long Skelpick, Bettyhill, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  225. Lower Apronful of Stones, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  226. Lower Glovershaw, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  227. Lower Higham Farm, Hyde, Lancashire
  228. Low Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  229. Lyneham Barrow, Ascott-under-Wychwood, Oxfordshire
  230. MacRee’s Cairn, Glen Meurain, Fortingall, Perthshire
  231. Manton Down, Rockley, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  232. Manse Bridge, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  233. Marriotts Barrows, Hyde, Lancashire
  234. Merlin’s Grave, Drumelzier, Peeblesshire
  235. Merlin’s Mount, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  236. Millbarrow, Winterbourne Monkton, Wiltshire
  237. Miller’s Grave, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  238. Mill Hill, Eastburn, Driffield, East Yorkshire
  239. Mini-Skirtful of Stones, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  240. Minning Low, Aldwark, Derbyshire
  241. Moor Hey, Weeton, Lancashire
  242. Mount Pleasant, Normanby, North Yorkshire
  243. Mount Skip, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  244. Mount Zion, Illingworth, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  245. Mutlow Hill, Great Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire
  246. Nanny Howe, Coate Moor, Kildale, North Yorkshire
  247. Nanny’s Grave, Steeton, West Yorkshire
  248. Nether Glenny, Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  249. Nether Glenny 02, Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  250. Ninewells, Caputh, Perthshire
  251. Nixon’s Station, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  252. North Hill, Samson, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  253. Old Pleck Barrow, Rushmore, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire
  254. Oliver Cromwell’s Hill, Eye, Cambridgeshire
  255. Ossian’s Stone, Sma’ Glen, Fowlis Wester, Perthshire
  256. Overton Down Tomb, West Overton, Wiltshire
  257. Parsons Lane, Silsden, West Yorkshire – see High Marchup
  258. Pendreich 1, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  259. Pendreich 2, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  260. Pendreich 3, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  261. Pennythorn Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  262. Perces, Halstead, Essex
  263. Pike Lowe, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  264. Pleasington Cemetery, Blackburn, Lancashire
  265. Pool Farm, Priddy, Somerset
  266. Port na Cleire, Gigha, Argyll
  267. Pudding Pie Hill, Thirsk, North Yorkshire
  268. Pule Hill, Marsden, West Yorkshire
  269. Queen’s Cairn, Farr, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  270. Quernhow, Ainderby Quernhow, North Yorkshire
  271. Reddicar Clough, Hallam Moor, Sheffield, South Yorkshire
  272. Ringstone Edge, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  273. Rockcliff Beacon, Boulby – see The Falls (1)
  274. Rolleston Barrow, Rushmore, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire
  275. Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  276. Round Hill, Middleton Moor, North Yorkshire
  277. Round Hill Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  278. Ruston Beacon, Ruston Parva, East Yorkshire
  279. Rye Loaf Hill, Settle, North Yorkshire
  280. St. John’s Green, Colchester, Essex
  281. St. Medan’s Knowe, Kirkton of Airlie, Angus
  282. Sauchie, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  283. Scale House, Rylstone, North Yorkshire
  284. Seaty Hill, Malham Moor, North Yorkshire
  285. Serpent Mound, Scallasaig, Glen More, Inverness-shire
  286. Shaman’s Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  287. Shaw Hill, Skirtcoat, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  288. Shawfield, Rutherglen, Lanarkshire
  289. Sheep Scar Cairn, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  290. Sheep Scar Cairn Circle, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  291. Silver Hill, Stanbury, West Yorkshire
  292. Sithean Mor, Shian, Iona, Argyll
  293. Skirtful of Stones, Horton-in-Ribblesdale, North Yorkshire
  294. Slade Cairnfield, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  295. Snowden Crags Circle, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  296. Snowden Crags Necropolis, Timble, North Yorkshire
  297. Southdown Cottage, Dorking, Surrey
  298. South Wonston, Hampshire
  299. Spell Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  300. Staple Howe, Kirklington, North Yorkshire
  301. Stapley Hill, Kirklington – see Staple Howe, Kirklington North Yorkshire
  302. Stone Man, Kirkby Ravensworth, North Yorkshire
  303. Stoney Raise, Addlebrough, Thornton Rust, North Yorkshire
  304. Stoodley Pike Circle, Mankinholes, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  305. Strowan, Crieff, Perthshire
  306. Swinkly Knoll, Egglesburn, Durham
  307. Tarbert, Argyll
  308. Thieveley, Holme Chapel, Burnley, Lancashire
  309. Toad Stones, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  310. Todholes (01), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  311. Todholes (02), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  312. Tomb Stone, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  313. Tongue House, Tongue, Sutherland
  314. Torrisholme Barrow, Morecambe, Lancashire
  315. Tower Hill, Warley, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  316. Town Lane, St. Mary’s, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  317. Tulloch Knowe, Doune, Perthshire
  318. Two Lads, Withens Moor, Cragg Vale, West Yorkshire
  319. Upper Killay, Killay, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
  320. Warlocks’ Tomb, Muckhart, Clackmannanshire
  321. West Lodge, Touch, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  322. Whispering Knights, Rollright, Oxfordshire
  323. White Cairn, Glen Cochill – see Carn Ban
  324. Wicking Crag, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  325. Winterborne Came 18b, Bincombe, Dorset
  326. Witch Hillock, Maryland, Kincardineshire
  327. Woofa Bank Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  328. Wytchley Warren, Edith Weston, Rutland

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian