Barrows, Cairns, Tombs & Tumuli

For those who may not know, the terms ‘cairns’ and ‘tumuli’ are just prehistoric tombs. Another word we find as we move further north into Scotland is ‘cist’, which has a similar affiliation – though a cist is more accurately a stone-lined coffin, over which cairns tend to be built. A cairn is a pile of loose rocks and stones, which tends to be erected over a single or multiple burial or cremation – though without excavation we can never be sure which one it’s gonna be! Chambered cairns are well-designed cairns with lengthy entrances or internal ‘rooms.’ A tumulus meanwhile (‘tumuli’ is the plural) is a heap of earth piled up over a burial or cremation. Small cairns and tumuli tend to cover single graves; whilst larger ones can have multiple burials therein. However we sometimes find that huge tombs have only one or two burials/cremations inside. In such cases it is probable that the people entombed there were of considerable importance: perhaps a tribal chief, a king, a queen, or powerful shaman. In many places across Brigantia and Scotland, where there’s a profusion of cairns/tumuli we tend to find good examples of prehistoric rock art, or cup-and-ring stones.

BARROWS, CAIRNS, TUMULI:  Bibliography & References

  1. Aberdour, Fife
  2. Achadh Thaibstil, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  3. Acharn Burn, Kenmore, Perthshire
  4. Achnacree, Achnacreebeag, Argyll
  5. Acrehowe Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  6. Addlebrough, Bainbridge, North Yorkshire
  7. Aird Thorr Innse, Gigha, Argyll
  8. Aithernie, Scoonie, Fife
  9. Alresford Hill, Alresford, Essex
  10. Angel Moon Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  11. Annfield, Bridge of Allan – see Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  12. Apronful of Stones, Wigtwizzle, Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  13. Apronful of Stones, Settle, North Yorkshire
  14. Ardilistry, Islay, Argyll
  15. Ardlamey, Gigha, Argyll
  16. Ardminish, Gigha, Argyll
  17. Armshaw Lowe, Oxenhope, West Yorkshire
  18. Ashleigh Barrow, Darwen, Lancashire
  19. Askwith Moor Cairnfield, North Yorkshire
  20. Auchenlaich, Callander, Perthshire
  21. Balloch, Alyth, Perthshire
  22. Badbury Barrow, Shapwick, Dorset
  23. Badger Wells Cairn, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  24. Baildon Moor Circle, West Yorkshire – see Lower Glovershaw
  25. Baile Mhargaite Cist (01), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  26. Baile Mhargaite Cist (02), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  27. Ballachraggan, Callander, Perthshire
  28. Barnhill, Jura, Argyll
  29. Baron’s Cairn, Black Crofts, Argyll
  30. Barr a’ Chuirn, Slockavullin, Kilmartin, Argyll
  31. Barrow Field, Bushy Park, Teddington, Middlesex
  32. Bartlow Hills, Bartlow, Cambridgeshire
  33. Battle Hill Dolmen, Huntly, Aberdeenshire
  34. Batty Wife Hole, Ribblehead, North Yorkshire
  35. Beacon Hill, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  36. Bedd y Cawr, Llanymynech, Montgomeryshire
  37. Beinn na Caillich, Broadford, Skye
  38. Belton Road, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  39. Birkhill House, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  40. Birkhill Sandpit, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  41. Blackheath Circle, Todmorden, West Yorkshire
  42. Black Hill Long Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  43. Black Hill Round Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  44. Black Hill Tumulus, Middleton Moor – see Round Hill, Middleton Moor
  45. Bleara Lowe, Earby, Lancashire
  46. Bleara Moor Cairnfield, Earby, Lancashire
  47. Bleara Moor Tumulus, Earby, Lancashire
  48. Brink Ends, Dovestones Moor, Trawden, Lancashire
  49. Boatbridge Quarry, Thankerton, Lanarkshire
  50. Borough Hills, West Mersea, Essex
  51. Borgie, Tongue, Sutherland
  52. Bown Hill Long Barrow, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  53. Bown Hill Tumulus, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  54. Bracklin Burn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  55. Briggate, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  56. Broadgate, Strathblane, Stirlingshire
  57. Brotton Howe, Brotton, Cleveland, North Yorkshire
  58. Brown Hill, Saddleworth, Lancashire
  59. Brown Howes, Ebberston Low Moor, North Yorkshire
  60. Bryn Celli Ddu, Llandaniel Fab, Anglesey
  61. Bul Barrow, Woolland, Dorset
  62. Burwains Lake, Foulridge, Lancashire
  63. Cairn 1, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  64. Cairn 2, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  65. Cairn 3, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  66. Cairn 4, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  67. Cairn 5, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  68. Cairn 6, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  69. Cairnbane, Portnacroish, Argyll
  70. Cairnpark, Dollar, Clackmannanshire
  71. Cairnwochel, Ardoch, Braco, Perthshire
  72. Calderstones, Allerton, Liverpool, Lancashire
  73. Caravan Park, Blair Drummond, Stirlingshire
  74. Carleatheran, Gargunnock, Stirlingshire
  75. Carleith, Crook of Devon, Kinross-shire
  76. Carlowrie, Kirkliston, Midlothian
  77. Carmyllie Hill, Greystone, Angus
  78. Carn Ban, Glen Cochill, Perthshire
  79. Carn Ban, Kilmartin, Argyll
  80. Castle Carr, Luddenden Dean, West Yorkshire
  81. Castle Farm Circles, Barcaldine, Argyll
  82. Castle Law, Blairlogie, Stirlingshire
  83. Catfoss Cemetery, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  84. Cat Heaps, Swanston, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  85. Catlow Quarry, Nelson, Lancashire
  86. Church Field, North Ockendon, Essex
  87. Cicely Low, Houndkirk Moor, South Yorkshire
  88. Cladh Chlainn Iain, Jura, Argyll
  89. Cliviger Laithe, Worsthorne, Burnley, Lancashire
  90. Cliviger Law, Mereclough, Burnley, Lancashire
  91. Cnoc a’ Chuirn Mhoir, Jura, Argyll
  92. Cnoc na Croise, Ardminish, Argyll
  93. Cock Hill, Wadsworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  94. Coldstone Beck Cairn (01), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  95. Coldstone Beck Cairn (02), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  96. Coldstone Beck Cairn (03), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  97. Coneypark Nursery, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  98. Craigenkirn, New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire
  99. Craigkennockie, Burntisland, Fife
  100. Craigmaddie Muir (1), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  101. Craigmaddie Muir (2), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  102. Craigton, Cleish, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  103. Cray, Hubberholme, Buckden, North Yorkshire
  104. Creich Manse, Brunton, Fife
  105. Croes-llechau, Bronllys, Breconshire
  106. The Croft, Doune, Perthshire
  107. Cromlix Lodge, Dunblane, Perthshire
  108. Crow Hill Cairn Circle, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  109. Culliford Tree Barrow, Whitcombe, Dorset
  110. Cuparlaw Woods, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  111. Dalvraid, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  112. Danes Hills, Riccall, North Yorkshire
  113. Danes Hills, Skipwith, North Yorkshire
  114. Delf Hill, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  115. Devil’s Apronful, Appletreewick, North Yorkshire
  116. Devil’s Apronful, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  117. Devil’s Den, Clatford, Wiltshire
  118. Dobrudden Necropolis, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  119. Douglas Terrace, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  120. Downs Farm, Kempshott, Basingstoke, Hampshire
  121. Drizzlecombe 13, Ditsworthy Warren, Sheepstor, Devon
  122. Druimyeonbeg, Gigha, Argyll
  123. Duel Cross Hill, Grafton, North Yorkshire
  124. Dumpton Park, Ramsgate, Kent
  125. Dunblane Cathedral, Stirlingshire
  126. Dun Riaskidh, Torrisdale Bay, Sutherland
  127. Dwarf’s Tomb, Alva, Clackmannanshire
  128. Elf Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  129. Elf Howe, Horsforth, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  130. Elistoun West, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire
  131. Elphillock, Kildrummy, Aberdeenshire
  132. Fairy Knowe, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  133. Fairy Knowe, Crarae, Minard, Argyll
  134. Fairy Knowe, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  135. Feizor Thwaite, Lawkland, North Yorkshire
  136. Firtholme, Easington, East Yorkshire
  137. Fiscary 1, Farr, Sutherland
  138. Fiscary 2, Farr, Sutherland
  139. Fiscary 3, Farr, Sutherland
  140. Fiscary 4, Farr, Sutherland
  141. Flag Inn, St. Osyth, Essex
  142. Foel Fawr, Llanfechell, Anglesey
  143. Ford, Kilmartin, Argyll
  144. Fox Hill, Lowthorpe, East Yorkshire
  145. Frensham Common, Frensham, Surrey
  146. Galley Hill, Streatley, Bedfordshire
  147. Garadh Ban, Buchanan, Stirlingshire
  148. Gariob Cottage, Achnamara, Knapdale, Argyll
  149. Gask Hill, Collessie, Fife
  150. Ghost’s Knowe, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  151. Giant’s Grave, Reelig, Kirkhill, Inverness-shire
  152. Giant’s Grave, Tweedsmuir, Peeblesshire
  153. Giants’ Graves, Halton Gill, North Yorkshire
  154. Giant’s Knowe, Culloch, Muthill, Perthshire
  155. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (01), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  156. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (02), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  157. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (03), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  158. Glencreggan, Glenbarr, Kintyre, Argyll
  159. Glenrickard, Brodick, Arran, Argyll
  160. Glenshervie Burn, Glen Almond, Perthshire
  161. Gough’s Barrow, Long Compton, Warwickshire
  162. Graffa Plain, Brimham Rocks, Hartwith, North Yorkshire
  163. Great Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  164. Great Skirtful Ring, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  165. Green Crag Top Cairns, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  166. Green Howe, North Deighton, North Yorkshire
  167. Grubstones Circle, Burley Moor – see Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  168. Hades Hill, Whitworth, Lancashire
  169. Hagg Woods, Thongsbridge, Holmfirth, West Yorkshire
  170. Hamilton Farm, Cambuslang, Lanarkshire
  171. Harden Moor Cairnfield, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  172. Harden Moor Circle, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  173. Hare Hill, Elslack, North Yorkshire
  174. Harlaw, Fairnington, Roxburghshire
  175. Hatfield Barrow, Marden, Wiltshire
  176. Haulgh, Bolton, Lancashire
  177. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  178. Hawksworth Moor (01), West Yorkshire
  179. Hawksworth Moor (02), West Yorkshire
  180. Hawksworth Moor (03), West Yorkshire
  181. Hazell Circle, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  182. Heights Farm, Quernmore, Lancashire
  183. Heligar Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  184. Heyshaw Moor (north), Dacre, North Yorkshire
  185. High Close Cairn, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  186. High Low Ridge, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  187. High Marchup, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  188. High Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  189. High Street Barrow, Towthorpe, East Yorkshire
  190. Higher Town Bay, St. Martin’s, Scilly Isles
  191. Ilkley Gate, Ilkley Moor – Cairn Circles (NEW FIND)
  192. Intake Lodge, Yearsley, North Yorkshire
  193. Invercharnan, Glen Etive, Argyll
  194. Jack Straw’s Castle, Kilmington, Wiltshire
  195. Jeppe Knave Grave, Wiswell, Lancashire
  196. Judge’s Cairn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  197. Keighley Train Station, West Yorkshire
  198. Kemp Howe, Sledmere, East Yorkshire
  199. Kerrycrusach, Bute, Argyll
  200. King’s Yett, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  201. Kinpurnie, Newtyle, Angus
  202. Kippenross House, Dunblane, Stirlingshire
  203. Kirkshaws, Old Monkland, Lanarkshire
  204. Kit’s Coty House, Aylesford, Kent
  205. Lanshaw Cairn 01, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  206. Lanshaw Cairn 02, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  207. Lanshaw Cairn 03, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  208. Larkfield, Maidstone, Kent
  209. Lea Green, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  210. Leaf Howe, Stape, North Yorkshire
  211. Leathad Carnaich, Dalhalvaig, Caithness
  212. Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  213. Lexden, Colchester, Essex
  214. Limekiln Field, Pytchley, Northamptonshire
  215. Lippersley Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  216. Little Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  217. Long Man’s Grave, Abernyte, Perthshire
  218. Long Skelpick, Bettyhill, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  219. Lower Apronful of Stones, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  220. Lower Glovershaw, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  221. Lower Higham Farm, Hyde, Lancashire
  222. Low Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  223. Lyneham Barrow, Ascott-under-Wychwood, Oxfordshire
  224. MacRee’s Cairn, Glen Meurain, Fortingall, Perthshire
  225. Manton Down, Rockley, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  226. Marriotts Barrows, Hyde, Lancashire
  227. Merlin’s Grave, Drumelzier, Peeblesshire
  228. Merlin’s Mount, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  229. Millbarrow, Winterbourne Monkton, Wiltshire
  230. Miller’s Grave, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  231. Mill Hill, Eastburn, Driffield, East Yorkshire
  232. Mini-Skirtful of Stones, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  233. Minning Low, Aldwark, Derbyshire
  234. Moor Hey, Weeton, Lancashire
  235. Mount Pleasant, Normanby, North Yorkshire
  236. Mount Skip, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  237. Mount Zion, Illingworth, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  238. Mutlow Hill, Great Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire
  239. Nanny Howe, Coate Moor, Kildale, North Yorkshire
  240. Nanny’s Grave, Steeton, West Yorkshire
  241. Nether Glenny, Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  242. Nether Glenny 02, Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  243. Ninewells, Caputh, Perthshire
  244. Nixon’s Station, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  245. North Hill, Samson, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  246. Oliver Cromwell’s Hill, Eye, Cambridgeshire
  247. Ossian’s Stone, Sma’ Glen, Fowlis Wester, Perthshire
  248. Overton Down Tomb, West Overton, Wiltshire
  249. Parsons Lane, Silsden, West Yorkshire – see High Marchup
  250. Pendreich 1, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  251. Pendreich 2, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  252. Pendreich 3, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  253. Pennythorn Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  254. Perces, Halstead, Essex
  255. Pike Lowe, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  256. Pleasington Cemetery, Blackburn, Lancashire
  257. Pool Farm, Priddy, Somerset
  258. Port na Cleire, Gigha, Argyll
  259. Pudding Pie Hill, Thirsk, North Yorkshire
  260. Pule Hill, Marsden, West Yorkshire
  261. Queen’s Cairn, Farr, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  262. Quernhow, Ainderby Quernhow, North Yorkshire
  263. Reddicar Clough, Hallam Moor, Sheffield, South Yorkshire
  264. Ringstone Edge, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  265. Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  266. Round Hill, Middleton Moor, North Yorkshire
  267. Round Hill Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  268. Ruston Beacon, Ruston Parva, East Yorkshire
  269. Rye Loaf Hill, Settle, North Yorkshire
  270. St. John’s Green, Colchester, Essex
  271. St. Medan’s Knowe, Kirkton of Airlie, Angus
  272. Sauchie, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  273. Scale House, Rylstone, North Yorkshire
  274. Seaty Hill, Malham Moor, North Yorkshire
  275. Serpent Mound, Scallasaig, Glen More, Inverness-shire
  276. Shaman’s Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  277. Shaw Hill, Skirtcoat, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  278. Shawfield, Rutherglen, Lanarkshire
  279. Sheep Scar Cairn, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  280. Sheep Scar Cairn Circle, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  281. Silver Hill, Stanbury, West Yorkshire
  282. Sithean Mor, Shian, Iona, Argyll
  283. Skirtful of Stones, Horton-in-Ribblesdale, North Yorkshire
  284. Slade Cairnfield, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  285. Snowden Crags Circle, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  286. Snowden Crags Necropolis, Timble, North Yorkshire
  287. South Wonston, Hampshire
  288. Spell Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  289. Staple Howe, Kirklington, North Yorkshire
  290. Stapley Hill, Kirklington – see Staple Howe, Kirklington North Yorkshire
  291. Stone Man, Kirkby Ravensworth, North Yorkshire
  292. Stoney Raise, Addlebrough, Thornton Rust, North Yorkshire
  293. Stoodley Pike Circle, Mankinholes, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  294. Strowan, Crieff, Perthshire
  295. Swinkly Knoll, Egglesburn, Durham
  296. Tarbert, Argyll
  297. Thieveley, Holme Chapel, Burnley, Lancashire
  298. Toad Stones, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  299. Todholes (01), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  300. Todholes (02), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  301. Tomb Stone, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  302. Torrisholme Barrow, Morecambe, Lancashire
  303. Tower Hill, Warley, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  304. Town Lane, St. Mary’s, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  305. Tulloch Knowe, Doune, Perthshire
  306. Two Lads, Withens Moor, Cragg Vale, West Yorkshire
  307. Upper Killay, Killay, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
  308. Warlocks’ Tomb, Muckhart, Clackmannanshire
  309. West Lodge, Touch, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  310. Whispering Knights, Rollright, Oxfordshire
  311. White Cairn, Glen Cochill – see Carn Ban
  312. Wicking Crag, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  313. Winterborne Came 18b, Bincombe, Dorset
  314. Witch Hillock, Maryland, Kincardineshire
  315. Woofa Bank Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  316. Wytchley Warren, Edith Weston, Rutland

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian