Barrows, Cairns, Tombs & Tumuli

For those who may not know, the terms ‘cairns’ and ‘tumuli’ are just prehistoric tombs. Another word we find as we move further north into Scotland is ‘cist’, which has a similar affiliation – though a cist is more accurately a stone-lined coffin, over which cairns tend to be built. A cairn is a pile of loose rocks and stones, which tends to be erected over a single or multiple burial or cremation – though without excavation we can never be sure which one it’s gonna be! Chambered cairns are well-designed cairns with lengthy entrances or internal ‘rooms.’ A tumulus meanwhile (‘tumuli’ is the plural) is a heap of earth piled up over a burial or cremation. Small cairns and tumuli tend to cover single graves; whilst larger ones can have multiple burials therein. However we sometimes find that huge tombs have only one or two burials/cremations inside. In such cases it is probable that the people entombed there were of considerable importance: perhaps a tribal chief, a king, a queen, or powerful shaman. In many places across Brigantia and Scotland, where there’s a profusion of cairns/tumuli we tend to find good examples of prehistoric rock art, or cup-and-ring stones.

BARROWS, CAIRNS, TUMULI:  Bibliography & References

  1. Aberdour, Fife
  2. Achadh Thaibstil, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  3. Acharn Burn, Kenmore, Perthshire
  4. Achnacree, Achnacreebeag, Argyll
  5. Acrehowe Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  6. Addlebrough, Bainbridge, North Yorkshire
  7. Aird Thorr Innse, Gigha, Argyll
  8. Aithernie, Scoonie, Fife
  9. Alresford Hill, Alresford, Essex
  10. Angel Moon Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  11. Annfield, Bridge of Allan – see Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  12. Apronful of Stones, Wigtwizzle, Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  13. Apronful of Stones, Settle, North Yorkshire
  14. Ardilistry, Islay, Argyll
  15. Ardlamey, Gigha, Argyll
  16. Ardminish, Gigha, Argyll
  17. Armshaw Lowe, Oxenhope, West Yorkshire
  18. Ashleigh Barrow, Darwen, Lancashire
  19. Askwith Moor Cairnfield, North Yorkshire
  20. Auchenlaich, Callander, Perthshire
  21. Balloch, Alyth, Perthshire
  22. Badbury Barrow, Shapwick, Dorset
  23. Badger Wells Cairn, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  24. Baildon Moor Circle, West Yorkshire – see Lower Glovershaw
  25. Baile Mhargaite Cist (01), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  26. Baile Mhargaite Cist (02), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  27. Ballachraggan, Callander, Perthshire
  28. Barnhill, Jura, Argyll
  29. Baron’s Cairn, Black Crofts, Argyll
  30. Barr a’ Chuirn, Slockavullin, Kilmartin, Argyll
  31. Barrow Field, Bushy Park, Teddington, Middlesex
  32. Bartlow Hills, Bartlow, Cambridgeshire
  33. Battle Hill Dolmen, Huntly, Aberdeenshire
  34. Batty Wife Hole, Ribblehead, North Yorkshire
  35. Beacon Hill, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  36. Bedd y Cawr, Llanymynech, Montgomeryshire
  37. Beinn na Caillich, Broadford, Skye
  38. Birkhill House, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  39. Birkhill Sandpit, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  40. Blackheath Circle, Todmorden, West Yorkshire
  41. Black Hill Long Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  42. Black Hill Round Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  43. Black Hill Tumulus, Middleton Moor – see Round Hill, Middleton Moor
  44. Bleara Lowe, Earby, Lancashire
  45. Bleara Moor Cairnfield, Earby, Lancashire
  46. Bleara Moor Tumulus, Earby, Lancashire
  47. Brink Ends, Dovestones Moor, Trawden, Lancashire
  48. Boatbridge Quarry, Thankerton, Lanarkshire
  49. Borough Hills, West Mersea, Essex
  50. Borgie, Tongue, Sutherland
  51. Bown Hill Long Barrow, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  52. Bown Hill Tumulus, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  53. Bracklin Burn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  54. Briggate, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  55. Broadgate, Strathblane, Stirlingshire
  56. Brotton Howe, Brotton, Cleveland, North Yorkshire
  57. Brown Hill, Saddleworth, Lancashire
  58. Brown Howes, Ebberston Low Moor, North Yorkshire
  59. Bryn Celli Ddu, Llandaniel Fab, Anglesey
  60. Bul Barrow, Woolland, Dorset
  61. Burwains Lake, Foulridge, Lancashire
  62. Cairn 1, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  63. Cairn 2, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  64. Cairn 3, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  65. Cairn 4, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  66. Cairn 5, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  67. Cairn 6, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  68. Cairnbane, Portnacroish, Argyll
  69. Cairnpark, Dollar, Clackmannanshire
  70. Cairnwochel, Ardoch, Braco, Perthshire
  71. Calderstones, Allerton, Liverpool, Lancashire
  72. Caravan Park, Blair Drummond, Stirlingshire
  73. Carleith, Crook of Devon, Kinross-shire
  74. Carlowrie, Kirkliston, Midlothian
  75. Carmyllie Hill, Greystone, Angus
  76. Carn Ban, Glen Cochill, Perthshire
  77. Carn Ban, Kilmartin, Argyll
  78. Castle Carr, Luddenden Dean, West Yorkshire
  79. Castle Farm Circles, Barcaldine, Argyll
  80. Castle Law, Blairlogie, Stirlingshire
  81. Catfoss Cemetery, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  82. Cat Heaps, Swanston, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  83. Catlow Quarry, Nelson, Lancashire
  84. Church Field, North Ockendon, Essex
  85. Cicely Low, Houndkirk Moor, South Yorkshire
  86. Cladh Chlainn Iain, Jura, Argyll
  87. Cliviger Laithe, Worsthorne, Burnley, Lancashire
  88. Cliviger Law, Mereclough, Burnley, Lancashire
  89. Cnoc a’ Chuirn Mhoir, Jura, Argyll
  90. Cnoc na Croise, Ardminish, Argyll
  91. Cock Hill, Wadsworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  92. Coldstone Beck Cairn (01), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  93. Coldstone Beck Cairn (02), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  94. Coldstone Beck Cairn (03), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  95. Coneypark Nursery, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  96. Craigenkirn, New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire
  97. Craigkennockie, Burntisland, Fife
  98. Craigmaddie Muir (1), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  99. Craigmaddie Muir (2), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  100. Craigton, Cleish, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  101. Cray, Hubberholme, Buckden, North Yorkshire
  102. Creich Manse, Brunton, Fife
  103. Croes-llechau, Bronllys, Breconshire
  104. The Croft, Doune, Perthshire
  105. Cromlix Lodge, Dunblane, Perthshire
  106. Crow Hill Cairn Circle, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  107. Culliford Tree Barrow, Whitcombe, Dorset
  108. Cuparlaw Woods, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  109. Dalvraid, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  110. Danes Hills, Riccall, North Yorkshire
  111. Danes Hills, Skipwith, North Yorkshire
  112. Delf Hill, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  113. Devil’s Apronful, Appletreewick, North Yorkshire
  114. Devil’s Apronful, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  115. Devil’s Den, Clatford, Wiltshire
  116. Dobrudden Necropolis, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  117. Douglas Terrace, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  118. Downs Farm, Kempshott, Basingstoke, Hampshire
  119. Drizzlecombe 13, Ditsworthy Warren, Sheepstor, Devon
  120. Druimyeonbeg, Gigha, Argyll
  121. Duel Cross Hill, Grafton, North Yorkshire
  122. Dumpton Park, Ramsgate, Kent
  123. Dunblane Cathedral, Stirlingshire
  124. Dwarf’s Tomb, Alva, Clackmannanshire
  125. Elf Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  126. Elf Howe, Horsforth, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  127. Elistoun West, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire
  128. Elphillock, Kildrummy, Aberdeenshire
  129. Fairy Knowe, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  130. Fairy Knowe, Crarae, Minard, Argyll
  131. Fairy Knowe, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  132. Feizor Thwaite, Lawkland, North Yorkshire
  133. Firtholme, Easington, East Yorkshire
  134. Fiscary 1, Farr, Sutherland
  135. Fiscary 2, Farr, Sutherland
  136. Fiscary 3, Farr, Sutherland
  137. Fiscary 4, Farr, Sutherland
  138. Flag Inn, St. Osyth, Essex
  139. Foel Fawr, Llanfechell, Anglesey
  140. Ford, Kilmartin, Argyll
  141. Fox Hill, Lowthorpe, East Yorkshire
  142. Frensham Common, Frensham, Surrey
  143. Galley Hill, Streatley, Bedfordshire
  144. Garadh Ban, Buchanan, Stirlingshire
  145. Gariob Cottage, Achnamara, Knapdale, Argyll
  146. Gask Hill, Collessie, Fife
  147. Ghost’s Knowe, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  148. Giant’s Grave, Reelig, Kirkhill, Inverness-shire
  149. Giant’s Grave, Tweedsmuir, Peeblesshire
  150. Giants’ Graves, Halton Gill, North Yorkshire
  151. Giant’s Knowe, Culloch, Muthill, Perthshire
  152. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (01), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  153. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (02), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  154. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (03), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  155. Glencreggan, Glenbarr, Kintyre, Argyll
  156. Glenrickard, Brodick, Arran, Argyll
  157. Glenshervie Burn, Glen Almond, Perthshire
  158. Gough’s Barrow, Long Compton, Warwickshire
  159. Graffa Plain, Brimham Rocks, Hartwith, North Yorkshire
  160. Great Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  161. Great Skirtful Ring, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  162. Green Crag Top Cairns, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  163. Green Howe, North Deighton, North Yorkshire
  164. Grubstones Circle, Burley Moor – see Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  165. Hades Hill, Whitworth, Lancashire
  166. Hagg Woods, Thongsbridge, Holmfirth, West Yorkshire
  167. Hamilton Farm, Cambuslang, Lanarkshire
  168. Harden Moor Cairnfield, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  169. Harden Moor Circle, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  170. Hare Hill, Elslack, North Yorkshire
  171. Harlaw, Fairnington, Roxburghshire
  172. Hatfield Barrow, Marden, Wiltshire
  173. Haulgh, Bolton, Lancashire
  174. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  175. Hawksworth Moor (01), West Yorkshire
  176. Hawksworth Moor (02), West Yorkshire
  177. Hawksworth Moor (03), West Yorkshire
  178. Hazell Circle, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  179. Heights Farm, Quernmore, Lancashire
  180. Heligar Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  181. Heyshaw Moor (north), Dacre, North Yorkshire
  182. High Close Cairn, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  183. High Low Ridge, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  184. High Marchup, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  185. High Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  186. High Street Barrow, Towthorpe, East Yorkshire
  187. Higher Town Bay, St. Martin’s, Scilly Isles
  188. Ilkley Gate, Ilkley Moor – Cairn Circles (NEW FIND)
  189. Intake Lodge, Yearsley, North Yorkshire
  190. Invercharnan, Glen Etive, Argyll
  191. Jack Straw’s Castle, Kilmington, Wiltshire
  192. Jeppe Knave Grave, Wiswell, Lancashire
  193. Judge’s Cairn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  194. Keighley Train Station, West Yorkshire
  195. Kemp Howe, Sledmere, East Yorkshire
  196. Kerrycrusach, Bute, Argyll
  197. King’s Yett, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  198. Kinpurnie, Newtyle, Angus
  199. Kippenross House, Dunblane, Stirlingshire
  200. Kirkshaws, Old Monkland, Lanarkshire
  201. Kit’s Coty House, Aylesford, Kent
  202. Lanshaw Cairn 01, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  203. Lanshaw Cairn 02, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  204. Lanshaw Cairn 03, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  205. Larkfield, Maidstone, Kent
  206. Lea Green, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  207. Leaf Howe, Stape, North Yorkshire
  208. Leathad Carnaich, Dalhalvaig, Caithness
  209. Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  210. Lexden, Colchester, Essex
  211. Limekiln Field, Pytchley, Northamptonshire
  212. Lippersley Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  213. Little Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  214. Long Man’s Grave, Abernyte, Perthshire
  215. Long Skelpick, Bettyhill, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  216. Lower Apronful of Stones, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  217. Lower Glovershaw, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  218. Lower Higham Farm, Hyde, Lancashire
  219. Low Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  220. Lyneham Barrow, Ascott-under-Wychwood, Oxfordshire
  221. MacRee’s Cairn, Glen Meurain, Fortingall, Perthshire
  222. Manton Down, Rockley, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  223. Marriotts Barrows, Hyde, Lancashire
  224. Merlin’s Grave, Drumelzier, Peeblesshire
  225. Merlin’s Mount, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  226. Millbarrow, Winterbourne Monkton, Wiltshire
  227. Miller’s Grave, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  228. Mill Hill, Eastburn, Driffield, East Yorkshire
  229. Mini-Skirtful of Stones, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  230. Minning Low, Aldwark, Derbyshire
  231. Moor Hey, Weeton, Lancashire
  232. Mount Pleasant, Normanby, North Yorkshire
  233. Mount Skip, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  234. Mount Zion, Illingworth, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  235. Mutlow Hill, Great Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire
  236. Nanny Howe, Coate Moor, Kildale, North Yorkshire
  237. Nanny’s Grave, Steeton, West Yorkshire
  238. Nether Glenny, Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  239. Nether Glenny 02, Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  240. Ninewells, Caputh, Perthshire
  241. Nixon’s Station, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  242. North Hill, Samson, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  243. Oliver Cromwell’s Hill, Eye, Cambridgeshire
  244. Ossian’s Stone, Sma’ Glen, Fowlis Wester, Perthshire
  245. Overton Down Tomb, West Overton, Wiltshire
  246. Parsons Lane, Silsden, West Yorkshire – see High Marchup
  247. Pendreich 1, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  248. Pendreich 2, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  249. Pendreich 3, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  250. Pennythorn Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  251. Perces, Halstead, Essex
  252. Pike Lowe, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  253. Pleasington Cemetery, Blackburn, Lancashire
  254. Pool Farm, Priddy, Somerset
  255. Port na Cleire, Gigha, Argyll
  256. Pudding Pie Hill, Thirsk, North Yorkshire
  257. Pule Hill, Marsden, West Yorkshire
  258. Queen’s Cairn, Farr, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  259. Quernhow, Ainderby Quernhow, North Yorkshire
  260. Reddicar Clough, Hallam Moor, Sheffield, South Yorkshire
  261. Ringstone Edge, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  262. Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  263. Round Hill, Middleton Moor, North Yorkshire
  264. Round Hill Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  265. Ruston Beacon, Ruston Parva, East Yorkshire
  266. Rye Loaf Hill, Settle, North Yorkshire
  267. St. John’s Green, Colchester, Essex
  268. St. Medan’s Knowe, Kirkton of Airlie, Angus
  269. Sauchie, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  270. Scale House, Rylstone, North Yorkshire
  271. Seaty Hill, Malham Moor, North Yorkshire
  272. Serpent Mound, Scallasaig, Glen More, Inverness-shire
  273. Shaman’s Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  274. Shaw Hill, Skirtcoat, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  275. Shawfield, Rutherglen, Lanarkshire
  276. Sheep Scar Cairn, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  277. Sheep Scar Cairn Circle, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  278. Silver Hill, Stanbury, West Yorkshire
  279. Sithean Mor, Shian, Iona, Argyll
  280. Skirtful of Stones, Horton-in-Ribblesdale, North Yorkshire
  281. Slade Cairnfield, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  282. Snowden Crags Circle, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  283. Snowden Crags Necropolis, Timble, North Yorkshire
  284. South Wonston, Hampshire
  285. Spell Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  286. Staple Howe, Kirklington, North Yorkshire
  287. Stapley Hill, Kirklington – see Staple Howe, Kirklington North Yorkshire
  288. Stone Man, Kirkby Ravensworth, North Yorkshire
  289. Stoney Raise, Addlebrough, Thornton Rust, North Yorkshire
  290. Stoodley Pike Circle, Mankinholes, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  291. Strowan, Crieff, Perthshire
  292. Swinkly Knoll, Egglesburn, Durham
  293. Tarbert, Argyll
  294. Thieveley, Holme Chapel, Burnley, Lancashire
  295. Toad Stones, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  296. Todholes (01), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  297. Todholes (02), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  298. Tomb Stone, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  299. Torrisholme Barrow, Morecambe, Lancashire
  300. Tower Hill, Warley, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  301. Town Lane, St. Mary’s, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  302. Tulloch Knowe, Doune, Perthshire
  303. Two Lads, Withens Moor, Cragg Vale, West Yorkshire
  304. Upper Killay, Killay, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
  305. Warlocks’ Tomb, Muckhart, Clackmannanshire
  306. West Lodge, Touch, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  307. Whispering Knights, Rollright, Oxfordshire
  308. White Cairn, Glen Cochill – see Carn Ban
  309. Wicking Crag, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  310. Winterborne Came 18b, Bincombe, Dorset
  311. Witch Hillock, Maryland, Kincardineshire
  312. Woofa Bank Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  313. Wytchley Warren, Edith Weston, Rutland

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian