Barrows, Cairns, Tombs & Tumuli

For those who may not know, the terms ‘cairns’ and ‘tumuli’ are just prehistoric tombs. Another word we find as we move further north into Scotland is ‘cist’, which has a similar affiliation – though a cist is more accurately a stone-lined coffin, over which cairns tend to be built. A cairn is a pile of loose rocks and stones, which tends to be erected over a single or multiple burial or cremation – though without excavation we can never be sure which one it’s gonna be! Chambered cairns are well-designed cairns with lengthy entrances or internal ‘rooms.’ A tumulus meanwhile (‘tumuli’ is the plural) is a heap of earth piled up over a burial or cremation. Small cairns and tumuli tend to cover single graves; whilst larger ones can have multiple burials therein. However we sometimes find that huge tombs have only one or two burials/cremations inside. In such cases it is probable that the people entombed there were of considerable importance: perhaps a tribal chief, a king, a queen, or powerful shaman. In many places across Brigantia and Scotland, where there’s a profusion of cairns/tumuli we tend to find good examples of prehistoric rock art, or cup-and-ring stones.

BARROWS, CAIRNS, TUMULI:  Bibliography & References

  1. Aberdour, Fife
  2. Achadh Thaibstil, Bettyhill, Sutherland
  3. Acharn Burn, Kenmore, Perthshire
  4. Achnacree, Achnacreebeag, Argyll
  5. Acrehowe Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  6. Addlebrough, Bainbridge, North Yorkshire
  7. Aird Thorr Innse, Gigha, Argyll
  8. Aithernie, Scoonie, Fife
  9. Alresford Hill, Alresford, Essex
  10. Angel Moon Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  11. Annfield, Bridge of Allan – see Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  12. Apronful of Stones, Wigtwizzle, Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  13. Apronful of Stones, Settle, North Yorkshire
  14. Ardilistry, Islay, Argyll
  15. Ardlamey, Gigha, Argyll
  16. Ardminish, Gigha, Argyll
  17. Armshaw Lowe, Oxenhope, West Yorkshire
  18. Ashleigh Barrow, Darwen, Lancashire
  19. Askwith Moor Cairnfield, North Yorkshire
  20. Auchenlaich, Callander, Perthshire
  21. Balloch, Alyth, Perthshire
  22. Badbury Barrow, Shapwick, Dorset
  23. Badger Wells Cairn, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  24. Baildon Moor Circle, West Yorkshire – see Lower Glovershaw
  25. Baile Mhargaite Cist (01), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  26. Baile Mhargaite Cist (02), Bettyhill, Sutherland
  27. Ballachraggan, Callander, Perthshire
  28. Barnhill, Jura, Argyll
  29. Baron’s Cairn, Black Crofts, Argyll
  30. Barr a’ Chuirn, Slockavullin, Kilmartin, Argyll
  31. Barrow Field, Bushy Park, Teddington, Middlesex
  32. Bartlow Hills, Bartlow, Cambridgeshire
  33. Battle Hill Dolmen, Huntly, Aberdeenshire
  34. Batty Wife Hole, Ribblehead, North Yorkshire
  35. Beacon Hill, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  36. Bedd y Cawr, Llanymynech, Montgomeryshire
  37. Beinn na Caillich, Broadford, Skye
  38. Birkhill House, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  39. Birkhill Sandpit, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  40. Blackheath Circle, Todmorden, West Yorkshire
  41. Black Hill Long Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  42. Black Hill Round Cairn, Low Bradley Moor, North Yorkshire
  43. Black Hill Tumulus, Middleton Moor – see Round Hill, Middleton Moor
  44. Bleara Lowe, Earby, Lancashire
  45. Bleara Moor Cairnfield, Earby, Lancashire
  46. Bleara Moor Tumulus, Earby, Lancashire
  47. Brink Ends, Dovestones Moor, Trawden, Lancashire
  48. Boatbridge Quarry, Thankerton, Lanarkshire
  49. Borough Hills, West Mersea, Essex
  50. Borgie, Tongue, Sutherland
  51. Bown Hill Long Barrow, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  52. Bown Hill Tumulus, Woodchester, Gloucestershire
  53. Bracklin Burn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  54. Briggate, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  55. Broadgate, Strathblane, Stirlingshire
  56. Brotton Howe, Brotton, Cleveland, North Yorkshire
  57. Brown Hill, Saddleworth, Lancashire
  58. Brown Howes, Ebberston Low Moor, North Yorkshire
  59. Bryn Celli Ddu, Llandaniel Fab, Anglesey
  60. Bul Barrow, Woolland, Dorset
  61. Burwains Lake, Foulridge, Lancashire
  62. Cairn 1, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  63. Cairn 2, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  64. Cairn 3, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  65. Cairn 4, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  66. Cairn 5, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  67. Cairn 6, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  68. Cairnbane, Portnacroish, Argyll
  69. Cairnpark, Dollar, Clackmannanshire
  70. Cairnwochel, Ardoch, Braco, Perthshire
  71. Calderstones, Allerton, Liverpool, Lancashire
  72. Caravan Park, Blair Drummond, Stirlingshire
  73. Carleith, Crook of Devon, Kinross-shire
  74. Carlowrie, Kirkliston, Midlothian
  75. Carmyllie Hill, Greystone, Angus
  76. Carn Ban, Glen Cochill, Perthshire
  77. Carn Ban, Kilmartin, Argyll
  78. Castle Carr, Luddenden Dean, West Yorkshire
  79. Castle Farm Circles, Barcaldine, Argyll
  80. Castle Law, Blairlogie, Stirlingshire
  81. Catfoss Cemetery, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  82. Cat Heaps, Swanston, Edinburgh, Midlothian
  83. Catlow Quarry, Nelson, Lancashire
  84. Church Field, North Ockendon, Essex
  85. Cicely Low, Houndkirk Moor, South Yorkshire
  86. Cladh Chlainn Iain, Jura, Argyll
  87. Cliviger Laithe, Worsthorne, Burnley, Lancashire
  88. Cliviger Law, Mereclough, Burnley, Lancashire
  89. Cnoc a’ Chuirn Mhoir, Jura, Argyll
  90. Cnoc na Croise, Ardminish, Argyll
  91. Cock Hill, Wadsworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  92. Coldstone Beck Cairn (01), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  93. Coldstone Beck Cairn (02), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  94. Coldstone Beck Cairn (03), Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  95. Coneypark Nursery, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  96. Craigenkirn, New Kilpatrick, Dumbartonshire
  97. Craigkennockie, Burntisland, Fife
  98. Craigmaddie Muir (1), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  99. Craigmaddie Muir (2), Baldernock, Stirlingshire
  100. Craigton, Cleish, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  101. Cray, Hubberholme, Buckden, North Yorkshire
  102. Creich Manse, Brunton, Fife
  103. Croes-llechau, Bronllys, Breconshire
  104. Cromlix Lodge, Dunblane, Perthshire
  105. Crow Hill Cairn Circle, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  106. Culliford Tree Barrow, Whitcombe, Dorset
  107. Cuparlaw Woods, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  108. Dalvraid, Melness, Tongue, Sutherland
  109. Danes Hills, Riccall, North Yorkshire
  110. Danes Hills, Skipwith, North Yorkshire
  111. Delf Hill, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  112. Devil’s Apronful, Appletreewick, North Yorkshire
  113. Devil’s Apronful, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  114. Devil’s Den, Clatford, Wiltshire
  115. Dobrudden Necropolis, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  116. Douglas Terrace, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  117. Downs Farm, Kempshott, Basingstoke, Hampshire
  118. Drizzlecombe 13, Ditsworthy Warren, Sheepstor, Devon
  119. Druimyeonbeg, Gigha, Argyll
  120. Duel Cross Hill, Grafton, North Yorkshire
  121. Dumpton Park, Ramsgate, Kent
  122. Dunblane Cathedral, Stirlingshire
  123. Dwarf’s Tomb, Alva, Clackmannanshire
  124. Elf Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  125. Elf Howe, Horsforth, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  126. Elistoun West, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire
  127. Elphillock, Kildrummy, Aberdeenshire
  128. Fairy Knowe, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  129. Fairy Knowe, Crarae, Minard, Argyll
  130. Fairy Knowe, Kinross, Kinross-shire
  131. Feizor Thwaite, Lawkland, North Yorkshire
  132. Firtholme, Easington, East Yorkshire
  133. Fiscary 1, Farr, Sutherland
  134. Fiscary 2, Farr, Sutherland
  135. Fiscary 3, Farr, Sutherland
  136. Fiscary 4, Farr, Sutherland
  137. Flag Inn, St. Osyth, Essex
  138. Foel Fawr, Llanfechell, Anglesey
  139. Ford, Kilmartin, Argyll
  140. Fox Hill, Lowthorpe, East Yorkshire
  141. Frensham Common, Frensham, Surrey
  142. Galley Hill, Streatley, Bedfordshire
  143. Garadh Ban, Buchanan, Stirlingshire
  144. Gariob Cottage, Achnamara, Knapdale, Argyll
  145. Gask Hill, Collessie, Fife
  146. Ghost’s Knowe, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  147. Giant’s Grave, Reelig, Kirkhill, Inverness-shire
  148. Giant’s Grave, Tweedsmuir, Peeblesshire
  149. Giants’ Graves, Halton Gill, North Yorkshire
  150. Giant’s Knowe, Culloch, Muthill, Perthshire
  151. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (01), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  152. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (02), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  153. Glen Cochill Cairnfield (03), Little Dunkeld, Perthshire
  154. Glencreggan, Glenbarr, Kintyre, Argyll
  155. Glenrickard, Brodick, Arran, Argyll
  156. Glenshervie Burn, Glen Almond, Perthshire
  157. Gough’s Barrow, Long Compton, Warwickshire
  158. Graffa Plain, Brimham Rocks, Hartwith, North Yorkshire
  159. Great Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  160. Great Skirtful Ring, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  161. Green Crag Top Cairns, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  162. Green Howe, North Deighton, North Yorkshire
  163. Grubstones Circle, Burley Moor – see Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  164. Hades Hill, Whitworth, Lancashire
  165. Hagg Woods, Thongsbridge, Holmfirth, West Yorkshire
  166. Hamilton Farm, Cambuslang, Lanarkshire
  167. Harden Moor Cairnfield, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  168. Harden Moor Circle, Bingley, West Yorkshire
  169. Hare Hill, Elslack, North Yorkshire
  170. Harlaw, Fairnington, Roxburghshire
  171. Hatfield Barrow, Marden, Wiltshire
  172. Haulgh, Bolton, Lancashire
  173. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  174. Hawksworth Moor (01), West Yorkshire
  175. Hawksworth Moor (02), West Yorkshire
  176. Hawksworth Moor (03), West Yorkshire
  177. Hazell Circle, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  178. Heights Farm, Quernmore, Lancashire
  179. Heligar Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  180. Heyshaw Moor (north), Dacre, North Yorkshire
  181. High Close Cairn, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  182. High Low Ridge, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  183. High Marchup, Silsden, West Yorkshire
  184. High Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  185. High Street Barrow, Towthorpe, East Yorkshire
  186. Higher Town Bay, St. Martin’s, Scilly Isles
  187. Ilkley Gate, Ilkley Moor – Cairn Circles (NEW FIND)
  188. Intake Lodge, Yearsley, North Yorkshire
  189. Invercharnan, Glen Etive, Argyll
  190. Jack Straw’s Castle, Kilmington, Wiltshire
  191. Jeppe Knave Grave, Wiswell, Lancashire
  192. Judge’s Cairn, Dunblane, Perthshire
  193. Keighley Train Station, West Yorkshire
  194. Kemp Howe, Sledmere, East Yorkshire
  195. Kerrycrusach, Bute, Argyll
  196. King’s Yett, St. Ninians, Stirlingshire
  197. Kinpurnie, Newtyle, Angus
  198. Kippenross House, Dunblane, Stirlingshire
  199. Kirkshaws, Old Monkland, Lanarkshire
  200. Kit’s Coty House, Aylesford, Kent
  201. Lanshaw Cairn 01, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  202. Lanshaw Cairn 02, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  203. Lanshaw Cairn 03, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  204. Larkfield, Maidstone, Kent
  205. Lea Green, Grassington, North Yorkshire
  206. Leaf Howe, Stape, North Yorkshire
  207. Leathad Carnaich, Dalhalvaig, Caithness
  208. Lentran, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  209. Lexden, Colchester, Essex
  210. Limekiln Field, Pytchley, Northamptonshire
  211. Lippersley Pike, Denton Moor, North Yorkshire
  212. Little Skirtful of Stones, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  213. Long Man’s Grave, Abernyte, Perthshire
  214. Long Skelpick, Bettyhill, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  215. Lower Apronful of Stones, Pendle Hill, Lancashire
  216. Lower Glovershaw, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  217. Lower Higham Farm, Hyde, Lancashire
  218. Low Woof Howe, Langdale Forest, North Yorkshire
  219. Lyneham Barrow, Ascott-under-Wychwood, Oxfordshire
  220. MacRee’s Cairn, Glen Meurain, Fortingall, Perthshire
  221. Manton Down, Rockley, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  222. Marriotts Barrows, Hyde, Lancashire
  223. Merlin’s Grave, Drumelzier, Peeblesshire
  224. Merlin’s Mount, Marlborough, Wiltshire
  225. Millbarrow, Winterbourne Monkton, Wiltshire
  226. Miller’s Grave, Midgley Moor, West Yorkshire
  227. Mill Hill, Eastburn, Driffield, East Yorkshire
  228. Mini-Skirtful of Stones, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  229. Minning Low, Aldwark, Derbyshire
  230. Moor Hey, Weeton, Lancashire
  231. Mount Pleasant, Normanby, North Yorkshire
  232. Mount Skip, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  233. Mount Zion, Illingworth, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  234. Mutlow Hill, Great Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire
  235. Nanny Howe, Coate Moor, Kildale, North Yorkshire
  236. Nanny’s Grave, Steeton, West Yorkshire
  237. Nether Glenny, Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  238. Nether Glenny 02, Port of Menteith, Perthshire
  239. Ninewells, Caputh, Perthshire
  240. Nixon’s Station, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  241. North Hill, Samson, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  242. Oliver Cromwell’s Hill, Eye, Cambridgeshire
  243. Ossian’s Stone, Sma’ Glen, Fowlis Wester, Perthshire
  244. Overton Down Tomb, West Overton, Wiltshire
  245. Parsons Lane, Silsden, West Yorkshire – see High Marchup
  246. Pendreich 1, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  247. Pendreich 2, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  248. Pendreich 3, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire
  249. Pennythorn Hill, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  250. Perces, Halstead, Essex
  251. Pike Lowe, Extwistle, Burnley, Lancashire
  252. Pleasington Cemetery, Blackburn, Lancashire
  253. Pool Farm, Priddy, Somerset
  254. Port na Cleire, Gigha, Argyll
  255. Pudding Pie Hill, Thirsk, North Yorkshire
  256. Pule Hill, Marsden, West Yorkshire
  257. Queen’s Cairn, Farr, Strathnaver, Sutherland
  258. Quernhow, Ainderby Quernhow, North Yorkshire
  259. Reddicar Clough, Hallam Moor, Sheffield, South Yorkshire
  260. Ringstone Edge, Barkisland, West Yorkshire
  261. Roms Law, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  262. Round Hill, Middleton Moor, North Yorkshire
  263. Round Hill Field, Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire
  264. Ruston Beacon, Ruston Parva, East Yorkshire
  265. Rye Loaf Hill, Settle, North Yorkshire
  266. St. John’s Green, Colchester, Essex
  267. St. Medan’s Knowe, Kirkton of Airlie, Angus
  268. Sauchie, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  269. Scale House, Rylstone, North Yorkshire
  270. Seaty Hill, Malham Moor, North Yorkshire
  271. Serpent Mound, Scallasaig, Glen More, Inverness-shire
  272. Shaman’s Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire
  273. Shaw Hill, Skirtcoat, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  274. Shawfield, Rutherglen, Lanarkshire
  275. Sheep Scar Cairn, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  276. Sheep Scar Cairn Circle, Giggleswick, North Yorkshire
  277. Silver Hill, Stanbury, West Yorkshire
  278. Sithean Mor, Shian, Iona, Argyll
  279. Skirtful of Stones, Horton-in-Ribblesdale, North Yorkshire
  280. Slade Cairnfield, Blubberhouses Moor, North Yorkshire
  281. Snowden Crags Circle, Askwith Moor, North Yorkshire
  282. Snowden Crags Necropolis, Timble, North Yorkshire
  283. South Wonston, Hampshire
  284. Spell Howe, Folkton, East Yorkshire
  285. Staple Howe, Kirklington, North Yorkshire
  286. Stapley Hill, Kirklington – see Staple Howe, Kirklington North Yorkshire
  287. Stone Man, Kirkby Ravensworth, North Yorkshire
  288. Stoney Raise, Addlebrough, Thornton Rust, North Yorkshire
  289. Stoodley Pike Circle, Mankinholes, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  290. Strowan, Crieff, Perthshire
  291. Swinkly Knoll, Egglesburn, Durham
  292. Tarbert, Argyll
  293. Thieveley, Holme Chapel, Burnley, Lancashire
  294. Toad Stones, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  295. Todholes (01), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  296. Todholes (02), Fintry Hills, Stirlingshire
  297. Tomb Stone, Stanbury Hill, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire
  298. Torrisholme Barrow, Morecambe, Lancashire
  299. Tower Hill, Warley, Halifax, West Yorkshire
  300. Town Lane, St. Mary’s, Scilly Isles, Cornwall
  301. Tulloch Knowe, Doune, Perthshire
  302. Two Lads, Withens Moor, Cragg Vale, West Yorkshire
  303. Upper Killay, Killay, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
  304. Warlocks’ Tomb, Muckhart, Clackmannanshire
  305. West Lodge, Touch, Cambusbarron, Stirlingshire
  306. Whispering Knights, Rollright, Oxfordshire
  307. White Cairn, Glen Cochill – see Carn Ban
  308. Wicking Crag, Bingley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  309. Winterborne Came 18b, Bincombe, Dorset
  310. Witch Hillock, Maryland, Kincardineshire
  311. Woofa Bank Cairn, Burley Moor, West Yorkshire (NEW FIND)
  312. Wytchley Warren, Edith Weston, Rutland

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian