Although the symbol itself is pre-christian, relics of old stone crosses that scatter Britain, generally relate to a period in history when the christian cult was sweeping the landscape and afflicting the lives of indigenous people.  The archaeological stone crosses that remain tended to be positioned where earlier heathen sites were found – and as a result of this, it’s important to include them on TNA as relics marking an attempt to alter human animistic relationships with the land, to an increasingly desacralized one.  These stone relics took various forms, each relating to the function of the site it meant to supplant or impress: market crosses, boundary crosses, village crosses, wayside crosses, etc.

CROSSES:  Bibliography & References

  1. Abel Cross, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  2. Acrehowe Cross, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  3. Adam’s Cross, Saddleworth Moor, Lancashire
  4. Adamnan’s Cross, Camusvrachan, Glen Lyon, Perthshire
  5. Annel Cross, Twiston, Lancashire
  6. Annot Cross, Lane Bottom, Brierfield, Lancashire
  7. Banbury Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  8. Barton Cross, Barton, Lancashire
  9. Bingley Cross, West Yorkshire
  10. Black Knoll Cross, Morton Moor, West Yorkshire
  11. Blacko Cross, Barrowford, Lancashire
  12. Bread Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  13. Broken Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  14. Butt Yeats Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  15. Catshaw Cross, Thurlstone, South Yorkshire
  16. Church Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  17. Churchyard Cross, Hornsea – East Yorkshire
  18. Churchyard Cross, Prestbury, Lancashire
  19. Coombe Hill Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  20. Cow Cross, Finsbury, London, Middlesex
  21. Cowper’s Cross, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  22. Corwen, Denbighshire, Wales
  23. Cowcliffe Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  24. Curwen Hall Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  25. Deighton Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  26. Dull, Aberfeldy, Perthshire
  27. Duncroisk Crosses Stone, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  28. Dyke Nook Cross, Clitheroe, Lancashire
  29. East Riddlesden, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  30. Eastwoods Cross Base, Summerbridge , North Yorkshire
  31. Eaves Green Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  32. Emmott Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  33. Exley Head Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  34. Eyam Cross, Eyam, Derbyshire
  35. Fairy Hill Cross, Rishworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  36. Fearby Cross, Masham, North Yorkshire
  37. Foldys Cross, Towneley, Burnley, Lancashire
  38. Golcar Cross, West Yorkshire
  39. Greystone Cross, Blacko, Barrowford, Lancashire
  40. Grimeford Cross, Adlington, Lancashire
  41. Handsome Cross, High Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  42. Hangman’s Bank, Preston, Lancashire
  43. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  44. Headless Cross, Grimeford, Adlington, Lancashire – see Grimeford Cross
  45. Hebden Wood Cross, Slack, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  46. Herders Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  47. High Cross, Shrewsbury, Shropshire
  48. Hill Chapel Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  49. Idol Cross, Cornholme – see Mount Cross
  50. Ilkley Crosses, West Yorkshire
  51. Keighley Cross, West Yorkshire – see Market Cross, Keighley
  52. Laycock Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  53. Lilla Cross, Fylingdales Moor, North Yorkshire
  54. Lytham Cross, Lytham, Lancashire
  55. Maen Achwyfan, Whitford, Flintshire 
  56. Maiden or Tailor’s Cross, Foulridge, Lancashire
  57. Market Cross, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  58. Market Cross, Glanton, Northumberland
  59. Market Cross, Glastonbury, Somerset
  60. Market Cross, Highburton, West Yorkshire
  61. Market Cross, Kincardine, Fife
  62. Market Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  63. Market Cross, Halesowen, Worcestershire
  64. Market Cross, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire
  65. Market Cross, Thornton-le-Dale, North Yorkshire
  66. Marsden Heights Cross, Nelson, Lancashire
  67. Marsh Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  68. Mercat Cross, Alloa – see Town Cross
  69. Mercat Cross, Clackmannan, Clackmannanshire
  70. Mercat Cross, Doune, Stirlingshire
  71. Mercat Cross, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  72. Mitton Church Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  73. Mitton Green, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  74. Mount Cross, Cornholme, West Yorkshire
  75. Netherurd Mains, Kirkurd, Peeblesshire
  76. Nick o’ Pendle Cross, Sabden, Lancashire
  77. Old Market Cross, Sedbergh, Cumbria
  78. Oxenhope Cross, West Yorkshire
  79. Pendle Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  80. Pillar of Eliseg, Pentrefelin, Llangollen, Denbighshire
  81. Plague Stone, Adel, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  82. Market Cross, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire
  83. Ralph’s Cross, Westerdale Moor, North Yorkshire
  84. Ratten Clough Cross, Emmot Moor, Lancashire
  85. Reap’s Cross, Heptonstall Moor, West Yorkshire
  86. Rocester Church Cross, Staffordshire
  87. St. James Church, Burton-in-Kendal, Cumbria
  88. St. Paul’s Cross, London, Middlesex
  89. St. Peter’s Cross, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire
  90. Salford Cross, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire
  91. Shay Cross, Wiswell, Lancashire
  92. Slaithwaite Cross, West Yorkshire
  93. Strand Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  94. Stump Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  95. Stump Cross, Haworth, West Yorkshire
  96. Swastika Stone, Kirkurd – see Netherurd Mains, Peeblesshire
  97. Swinden Cross, Foulridge, Colne, Lancashire
  98. Thursday Market Cross, York, North Yorkshire
  99. Tom Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  100. Tom Cross, Laneshaw Bridge, Lancashire
  101. Town Cross, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  102. Upper Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  103. Water Sheddles Cross, Oakworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  104. Wayside Cross, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  105. Whalley Crosses, Lancashire
  106. White Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  107. Withgill Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian