Although the symbol itself is pre-christian, relics of old stone crosses that scatter Britain, generally relate to a period in history when the christian cult was sweeping the landscape and afflicting the lives of indigenous people.  The archaeological stone crosses that remain tended to be positioned where earlier heathen sites were found – and as a result of this, it’s important to include them on TNA as relics marking an attempt to alter human animistic relationships with the land, to an increasingly desacralized one.  These stone relics took various forms, each relating to the function of the site it meant to supplant or impress: market crosses, boundary crosses, village crosses, wayside crosses, etc.

CROSSES:  Bibliography & References

  1. Abel Cross, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  2. Acrehowe Cross, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  3. Adam’s Cross, Saddleworth Moor, Lancashire
  4. Adamnan’s Cross, Camusvrachan, Glen Lyon, Perthshire
  5. Annel Cross, Twiston, Lancashire
  6. Annot Cross, Lane Bottom, Brierfield, Lancashire
  7. Banbury Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  8. Barton Cross, Barton, Lancashire
  9. Bingley Cross, West Yorkshire
  10. Black Knoll Cross, Morton Moor, West Yorkshire
  11. Blacko Cross, Barrowford, Lancashire
  12. Boskenna Cross, St. Buryan, Cornwall
  13. Bread Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  14. Broken Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  15. Butt Yeats Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  16. Catshaw Cross, Thurlstone, South Yorkshire
  17. Church Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  18. Churchyard Cross, Hornsea – East Yorkshire
  19. Churchyard Cross, Prestbury, Lancashire
  20. Coombe Hill Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  21. Cow Cross, Finsbury, London, Middlesex
  22. Cowper’s Cross, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  23. Corwen, Denbighshire, Wales
  24. Cowcliffe Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  25. Curwen Hall Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  26. Deighton Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  27. Dull, Aberfeldy, Perthshire
  28. Duncroisk Crosses Stone, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  29. Dyke Nook Cross, Clitheroe, Lancashire
  30. East Riddlesden, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  31. Eastwoods Cross Base, Summerbridge , North Yorkshire
  32. Eaves Green Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  33. Emmott Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  34. Exley Head Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  35. Eyam Cross, Eyam, Derbyshire
  36. Fairy Hill Cross, Rishworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  37. Fearby Cross, Masham, North Yorkshire
  38. Foldys Cross, Towneley, Burnley, Lancashire
  39. Golcar Cross, West Yorkshire
  40. Great Puddingstone Cross, Harrogate, North Yorkshire
  41. Greystone Cross, Blacko, Barrowford, Lancashire
  42. Grimeford Cross, Adlington, Lancashire
  43. Handsome Cross, High Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  44. Hangman’s Bank, Preston, Lancashire
  45. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  46. Headless Cross, Grimeford, Adlington, Lancashire – see Grimeford Cross
  47. Hebden Wood Cross, Slack, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  48. Herders Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  49. High Cross, Shrewsbury, Shropshire
  50. Hill Chapel Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  51. Idol Cross, Cornholme – see Mount Cross
  52. Ilkley Crosses, West Yorkshire
  53. Keighley Cross, West Yorkshire – see Market Cross, Keighley
  54. Laycock Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  55. Lilla Cross, Fylingdales Moor, North Yorkshire
  56. Lytham Cross, Lytham, Lancashire
  57. Maen Achwyfan, Whitford, Flintshire 
  58. Maiden or Tailor’s Cross, Foulridge, Lancashire
  59. Market Cross, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  60. Market Cross, Glanton, Northumberland
  61. Market Cross, Glastonbury, Somerset
  62. Market Cross, Highburton, West Yorkshire
  63. Market Cross, Kincardine, Fife
  64. Market Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  65. Market Cross, Halesowen, Worcestershire
  66. Market Cross, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire
  67. Market Cross, Skipton, North Yorkshire
  68. Market Cross, Thornton-le-Dale, North Yorkshire
  69. Marsden Heights Cross, Nelson, Lancashire
  70. Marsh Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  71. Mercat Cross, Alloa – see Town Cross
  72. Mercat Cross, Clackmannan, Clackmannanshire
  73. Mercat Cross, Doune, Stirlingshire
  74. Mercat Cross, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  75. Mitton Church Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  76. Mitton Green, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  77. Mount Cross, Cornholme, West Yorkshire
  78. Netherurd Mains, Kirkurd, Peeblesshire
  79. Nick o’ Pendle Cross, Sabden, Lancashire
  80. Old Market Cross, Sedbergh, Cumbria
  81. Oxenhope Cross, West Yorkshire
  82. Pendle Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  83. Pillar of Eliseg, Pentrefelin, Llangollen, Denbighshire
  84. Plague Stone, Adel, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  85. Market Cross, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire
  86. Ralph’s Cross, Westerdale Moor, North Yorkshire
  87. Ratten Clough Cross, Emmot Moor, Lancashire
  88. Reap’s Cross, Heptonstall Moor, West Yorkshire
  89. Rocester Church Cross, Staffordshire
  90. St. James Church, Burton-in-Kendal, Cumbria
  91. St. Paul’s Cross, London, Middlesex
  92. St. Peter’s Cross, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire
  93. Salford Cross, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire
  94. Shay Cross, Wiswell, Lancashire
  95. Slaithwaite Cross, West Yorkshire
  96. Strand Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  97. Stump Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  98. Stump Cross, Haworth, West Yorkshire
  99. Swastika Stone, Kirkurd – see Netherurd Mains, Peeblesshire
  100. Swinden Cross, Foulridge, Colne, Lancashire
  101. Thursday Market Cross, York, North Yorkshire
  102. Tom Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  103. Tom Cross, Laneshaw Bridge, Lancashire
  104. Town Cross, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  105. Upper Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  106. Water Sheddles Cross, Oakworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  107. Wayside Cross, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  108. Whalley Crosses, Lancashire
  109. White Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  110. Withgill Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian