Although the symbol itself is pre-christian, relics of old stone crosses that scatter Britain, generally relate to a period in history when the christian cult was sweeping the landscape and afflicting the lives of indigenous people.  The archaeological stone crosses that remain tended to be positioned where earlier heathen sites were found – and as a result of this, it’s important to include them on TNA as relics marking an attempt to alter human animistic relationships with the land, to an increasingly desacralized one.  These stone relics took various forms, each relating to the function of the site it meant to supplant or impress: market crosses, boundary crosses, village crosses, wayside crosses, etc.

CROSSES:  Bibliography & References

  1. Abel Cross, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  2. Acrehowe Cross, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  3. Adam’s Cross, Saddleworth Moor, Lancashire
  4. Adamnan’s Cross, Camusvrachan, Glen Lyon, Perthshire
  5. Annel Cross, Twiston, Lancashire
  6. Annot Cross, Lane Bottom, Brierfield, Lancashire
  7. Banbury Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  8. Barton Cross, Barton, Lancashire
  9. Bingley Cross, West Yorkshire
  10. Black Knoll Cross, Morton Moor, West Yorkshire
  11. Blacko Cross, Barrowford, Lancashire
  12. Boskenna Cross, St. Buryan, Cornwall
  13. Bread Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  14. Broken Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  15. Butt Yeats Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  16. Catshaw Cross, Thurlstone, South Yorkshire
  17. Church Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  18. Churchyard Cross, Hornsea – East Yorkshire
  19. Churchyard Cross, Prestbury, Lancashire
  20. Coombe Hill Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  21. Cow Cross, Finsbury, London, Middlesex
  22. Cowper’s Cross, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  23. Corwen, Denbighshire, Wales
  24. Cowcliffe Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  25. Curwen Hall Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  26. Deighton Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  27. Dull, Aberfeldy, Perthshire
  28. Duncroisk Crosses Stone, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  29. Dyke Nook Cross, Clitheroe, Lancashire
  30. East Riddlesden, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  31. Eastwoods Cross Base, Summerbridge , North Yorkshire
  32. Eaves Green Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  33. Emmott Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  34. Exley Head Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  35. Eyam Cross, Eyam, Derbyshire
  36. Fairy Hill Cross, Rishworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  37. Fearby Cross, Masham, North Yorkshire
  38. Foldys Cross, Towneley, Burnley, Lancashire
  39. Golcar Cross, West Yorkshire
  40. Greystone Cross, Blacko, Barrowford, Lancashire
  41. Grimeford Cross, Adlington, Lancashire
  42. Handsome Cross, High Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  43. Hangman’s Bank, Preston, Lancashire
  44. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  45. Headless Cross, Grimeford, Adlington, Lancashire – see Grimeford Cross
  46. Hebden Wood Cross, Slack, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  47. Herders Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  48. High Cross, Shrewsbury, Shropshire
  49. Hill Chapel Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  50. Idol Cross, Cornholme – see Mount Cross
  51. Ilkley Crosses, West Yorkshire
  52. Keighley Cross, West Yorkshire – see Market Cross, Keighley
  53. Laycock Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  54. Lilla Cross, Fylingdales Moor, North Yorkshire
  55. Lytham Cross, Lytham, Lancashire
  56. Maen Achwyfan, Whitford, Flintshire 
  57. Maiden or Tailor’s Cross, Foulridge, Lancashire
  58. Market Cross, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  59. Market Cross, Glanton, Northumberland
  60. Market Cross, Glastonbury, Somerset
  61. Market Cross, Highburton, West Yorkshire
  62. Market Cross, Kincardine, Fife
  63. Market Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  64. Market Cross, Halesowen, Worcestershire
  65. Market Cross, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire
  66. Market Cross, Thornton-le-Dale, North Yorkshire
  67. Marsden Heights Cross, Nelson, Lancashire
  68. Marsh Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  69. Mercat Cross, Alloa – see Town Cross
  70. Mercat Cross, Clackmannan, Clackmannanshire
  71. Mercat Cross, Doune, Stirlingshire
  72. Mercat Cross, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  73. Mitton Church Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  74. Mitton Green, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  75. Mount Cross, Cornholme, West Yorkshire
  76. Netherurd Mains, Kirkurd, Peeblesshire
  77. Nick o’ Pendle Cross, Sabden, Lancashire
  78. Old Market Cross, Sedbergh, Cumbria
  79. Oxenhope Cross, West Yorkshire
  80. Pendle Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  81. Pillar of Eliseg, Pentrefelin, Llangollen, Denbighshire
  82. Plague Stone, Adel, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  83. Market Cross, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire
  84. Ralph’s Cross, Westerdale Moor, North Yorkshire
  85. Ratten Clough Cross, Emmot Moor, Lancashire
  86. Reap’s Cross, Heptonstall Moor, West Yorkshire
  87. Rocester Church Cross, Staffordshire
  88. St. James Church, Burton-in-Kendal, Cumbria
  89. St. Paul’s Cross, London, Middlesex
  90. St. Peter’s Cross, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire
  91. Salford Cross, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire
  92. Shay Cross, Wiswell, Lancashire
  93. Slaithwaite Cross, West Yorkshire
  94. Strand Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  95. Stump Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  96. Stump Cross, Haworth, West Yorkshire
  97. Swastika Stone, Kirkurd – see Netherurd Mains, Peeblesshire
  98. Swinden Cross, Foulridge, Colne, Lancashire
  99. Thursday Market Cross, York, North Yorkshire
  100. Tom Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  101. Tom Cross, Laneshaw Bridge, Lancashire
  102. Town Cross, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  103. Upper Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  104. Water Sheddles Cross, Oakworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  105. Wayside Cross, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  106. Whalley Crosses, Lancashire
  107. White Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  108. Withgill Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian