Although the symbol itself is pre-christian, relics of old stone crosses that scatter Britain, generally relate to a period in history when the christian cult was sweeping the landscape and afflicting the lives of indigenous people.  The archaeological stone crosses that remain tended to be positioned where earlier heathen sites were found – and as a result of this, it’s important to include them on TNA as relics marking an attempt to alter human animistic relationships with the land, to an increasingly desacralized one.  These stone relics took various forms, each relating to the function of the site it meant to supplant or impress: market crosses, boundary crosses, village crosses, wayside crosses, etc.

CROSSES:  Bibliography & References

  1. Abel Cross, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  2. Acrehowe Cross, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  3. Adam’s Cross, Saddleworth Moor, Lancashire
  4. Adamnan’s Cross, Camusvrachan, Glen Lyon, Perthshire
  5. Annel Cross, Twiston, Lancashire
  6. Annot Cross, Lane Bottom, Brierfield, Lancashire
  7. Banbury Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  8. Bingley Cross, West Yorkshire
  9. Black Knoll Cross, Morton Moor, West Yorkshire
  10. Blacko Cross, Barrowford, Lancashire
  11. Bread Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  12. Broken Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  13. Butt Yeats Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  14. Catshaw Cross, Thurlstone, South Yorkshire
  15. Church Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  16. Churchyard Cross, Hornsea – East Yorkshire
  17. Churchyard Cross, Prestbury, Lancashire
  18. Coombe Hill Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  19. Cow Cross, Finsbury, London, Middlesex
  20. Cowper’s Cross, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  21. Corwen, Denbighshire, Wales
  22. Cowcliffe Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  23. Curwen Hall Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  24. Deighton Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  25. Dull, Aberfeldy, Perthshire
  26. Duncroisk Crosses Stone, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  27. Dyke Nook Cross, Clitheroe, Lancashire
  28. East Riddlesden, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  29. Eastwoods Cross Base, Summerbridge , North Yorkshire
  30. Emmott Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  31. Exley Head Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  32. Eyam Cross, Eyam, Derbyshire
  33. Fairy Hill Cross, Rishworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  34. Fearby Cross, Masham, North Yorkshire
  35. Foldys Cross, Towneley, Burnley, Lancashire
  36. Golcar Cross, West Yorkshire
  37. Greystone Cross, Blacko, Barrowford, Lancashire
  38. Grimeford Cross, Adlington, Lancashire
  39. Handsome Cross, High Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  40. Hangman’s Bank, Preston, Lancashire
  41. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  42. Headless Cross, Grimeford, Adlington, Lancashire – see Grimeford Cross
  43. Hebden Wood Cross, Slack, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  44. Herders Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  45. High Cross, Shrewsbury, Shropshire
  46. Idol Cross, Cornholme – see Mount Cross
  47. Ilkley Crosses, West Yorkshire
  48. Keighley Cross, West Yorkshire – see Market Cross, Keighley
  49. Laycock Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  50. Lilla Cross, Fylingdales Moor, North Yorkshire
  51. Maen Achwyfan, Whitford, Flintshire 
  52. Maiden or Tailor’s Cross, Foulridge, Lancashire
  53. Market Cross, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  54. Market Cross, Glastonbury, Somerset
  55. Market Cross, Highburton, West Yorkshire
  56. Market Cross, Kincardine, Fife
  57. Market Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  58. Market Cross, Halesowen, Worcestershire
  59. Market Cross, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire
  60. Market Cross, Thornton-le-Dale, North Yorkshire
  61. Marsden Heights Cross, Nelson, Lancashire
  62. Marsh Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  63. Mercat Cross, Clackmannan, Clackmannanshire
  64. Mercat Cross, Doune, Stirlingshire
  65. Mitton Church Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  66. Mitton Green, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  67. Mount Cross, Cornholme, West Yorkshire
  68. Netherurd Mains, Kirkurd, Peeblesshire
  69. Nick o’ Pendle Cross, Sabden, Lancashire
  70. Old Market Cross, Sedbergh, Cumbria
  71. Oxenhope Cross, West Yorkshire
  72. Pendle Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  73. Pillar of Eliseg, Pentrefelin, Llangollen, Denbighshire
  74. Plague Stone, Adel, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  75. Market Cross, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire
  76. Ralph’s Cross, Westerdale Moor, North Yorkshire
  77. Ratten Clough Cross, Emmot Moor, Lancashire
  78. Reap’s Cross, Heptonstall Moor, West Yorkshire
  79. Rocester Church Cross, Staffordshire
  80. St. James Church, Burton-in-Kendal, Cumbria
  81. St. Paul’s Cross, London, Middlesex
  82. St. Peter’s Cross, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire
  83. Salford Cross, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire
  84. Shay Cross, Wiswell, Lancashire
  85. Slaithwaite Cross, West Yorkshire
  86. Strand Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  87. Stump Cross, Haworth, West Yorkshire
  88. Swastika Stone, Kirkurd – see Netherurd Mains, Peeblesshire
  89. Swinden Cross, Foulridge, Colne, Lancashire
  90. Thursday Market Cross, York, North Yorkshire
  91. Tom Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  92. Tom Cross, Laneshaw Bridge, Lancashire
  93. Upper Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  94. Water Sheddles Cross, Oakworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  95. Wayside Cross, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  96. Whalley Crosses, Lancashire
  97. White Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  98. Withgill Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian