Although the symbol itself is pre-christian, relics of old stone crosses that scatter Britain, generally relate to a period in history when the christian cult was sweeping the landscape and afflicting the lives of indigenous people.  The archaeological stone crosses that remain tended to be positioned where earlier heathen sites were found – and as a result of this, it’s important to include them on TNA as relics marking an attempt to alter human animistic relationships with the land, to an increasingly desacralized one.  These stone relics took various forms, each relating to the function of the site it meant to supplant or impress: market crosses, boundary crosses, village crosses, wayside crosses, etc.

CROSSES:  Bibliography & References

  1. Abel Cross, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  2. Acrehowe Cross, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  3. Adam’s Cross, Saddleworth Moor, Lancashire
  4. Adamnan’s Cross, Camusvrachan, Glen Lyon, Perthshire
  5. Annel Cross, Twiston, Lancashire
  6. Annot Cross, Lane Bottom, Brierfield, Lancashire
  7. Banbury Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  8. Barton Cross, Barton, Lancashire
  9. Bingley Cross, West Yorkshire
  10. Black Knoll Cross, Morton Moor, West Yorkshire
  11. Blacko Cross, Barrowford, Lancashire
  12. Bread Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  13. Broken Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  14. Butt Yeats Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  15. Catshaw Cross, Thurlstone, South Yorkshire
  16. Church Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  17. Churchyard Cross, Hornsea – East Yorkshire
  18. Churchyard Cross, Prestbury, Lancashire
  19. Coombe Hill Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  20. Cow Cross, Finsbury, London, Middlesex
  21. Cowper’s Cross, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  22. Corwen, Denbighshire, Wales
  23. Cowcliffe Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  24. Curwen Hall Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  25. Deighton Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  26. Dull, Aberfeldy, Perthshire
  27. Duncroisk Crosses Stone, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  28. Dyke Nook Cross, Clitheroe, Lancashire
  29. East Riddlesden, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  30. Eastwoods Cross Base, Summerbridge , North Yorkshire
  31. Eaves Green Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  32. Emmott Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  33. Exley Head Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  34. Eyam Cross, Eyam, Derbyshire
  35. Fairy Hill Cross, Rishworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  36. Fearby Cross, Masham, North Yorkshire
  37. Foldys Cross, Towneley, Burnley, Lancashire
  38. Golcar Cross, West Yorkshire
  39. Greystone Cross, Blacko, Barrowford, Lancashire
  40. Grimeford Cross, Adlington, Lancashire
  41. Handsome Cross, High Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  42. Hangman’s Bank, Preston, Lancashire
  43. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  44. Headless Cross, Grimeford, Adlington, Lancashire – see Grimeford Cross
  45. Hebden Wood Cross, Slack, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  46. Herders Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  47. High Cross, Shrewsbury, Shropshire
  48. Idol Cross, Cornholme – see Mount Cross
  49. Ilkley Crosses, West Yorkshire
  50. Keighley Cross, West Yorkshire – see Market Cross, Keighley
  51. Laycock Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  52. Lilla Cross, Fylingdales Moor, North Yorkshire
  53. Lytham Cross, Lytham, Lancashire
  54. Maen Achwyfan, Whitford, Flintshire 
  55. Maiden or Tailor’s Cross, Foulridge, Lancashire
  56. Market Cross, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  57. Market Cross, Glanton, Northumberland
  58. Market Cross, Glastonbury, Somerset
  59. Market Cross, Highburton, West Yorkshire
  60. Market Cross, Kincardine, Fife
  61. Market Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  62. Market Cross, Halesowen, Worcestershire
  63. Market Cross, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire
  64. Market Cross, Thornton-le-Dale, North Yorkshire
  65. Marsden Heights Cross, Nelson, Lancashire
  66. Marsh Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  67. Mercat Cross, Alloa – see Town Cross
  68. Mercat Cross, Clackmannan, Clackmannanshire
  69. Mercat Cross, Doune, Stirlingshire
  70. Mercat Cross, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  71. Mitton Church Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  72. Mitton Green, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  73. Mount Cross, Cornholme, West Yorkshire
  74. Netherurd Mains, Kirkurd, Peeblesshire
  75. Nick o’ Pendle Cross, Sabden, Lancashire
  76. Old Market Cross, Sedbergh, Cumbria
  77. Oxenhope Cross, West Yorkshire
  78. Pendle Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  79. Pillar of Eliseg, Pentrefelin, Llangollen, Denbighshire
  80. Plague Stone, Adel, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  81. Market Cross, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire
  82. Ralph’s Cross, Westerdale Moor, North Yorkshire
  83. Ratten Clough Cross, Emmot Moor, Lancashire
  84. Reap’s Cross, Heptonstall Moor, West Yorkshire
  85. Rocester Church Cross, Staffordshire
  86. St. James Church, Burton-in-Kendal, Cumbria
  87. St. Paul’s Cross, London, Middlesex
  88. St. Peter’s Cross, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire
  89. Salford Cross, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire
  90. Shay Cross, Wiswell, Lancashire
  91. Slaithwaite Cross, West Yorkshire
  92. Strand Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  93. Stump Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  94. Stump Cross, Haworth, West Yorkshire
  95. Swastika Stone, Kirkurd – see Netherurd Mains, Peeblesshire
  96. Swinden Cross, Foulridge, Colne, Lancashire
  97. Thursday Market Cross, York, North Yorkshire
  98. Tom Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  99. Tom Cross, Laneshaw Bridge, Lancashire
  100. Town Cross, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  101. Upper Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  102. Water Sheddles Cross, Oakworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  103. Wayside Cross, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  104. Whalley Crosses, Lancashire
  105. White Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  106. Withgill Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian