Although the symbol itself is pre-christian, relics of old stone crosses that scatter Britain, generally relate to a period in history when the christian cult was sweeping the landscape and afflicting the lives of indigenous people.  The archaeological stone crosses that remain tended to be positioned where earlier heathen sites were found – and as a result of this, it’s important to include them on TNA as relics marking an attempt to alter human animistic relationships with the land, to an increasingly desacralized one.  These stone relics took various forms, each relating to the function of the site it meant to supplant or impress: market crosses, boundary crosses, village crosses, wayside crosses, etc.

CROSSES:  Bibliography & References

  1. Abel Cross, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  2. Acrehowe Cross, Baildon Moor, West Yorkshire
  3. Adam’s Cross, Saddleworth Moor, Lancashire
  4. Adamnan’s Cross, Camusvrachan, Glen Lyon, Perthshire
  5. Annel Cross, Twiston, Lancashire
  6. Annot Cross, Lane Bottom, Brierfield, Lancashire
  7. Banbury Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  8. Bingley Cross, West Yorkshire
  9. Black Knoll Cross, Morton Moor, West Yorkshire
  10. Blacko Cross, Barrowford, Lancashire
  11. Bread Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  12. Broken Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  13. Butt Yeats Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  14. Catshaw Cross, Thurlstone, South Yorkshire
  15. Church Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  16. Churchyard Cross, Hornsea – East Yorkshire
  17. Churchyard Cross, Prestbury, Lancashire
  18. Coombe Hill Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  19. Cow Cross, Finsbury, London, Middlesex
  20. Cowper’s Cross, Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire
  21. Corwen, Denbighshire, Wales
  22. Cowcliffe Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  23. Curwen Hall Cross, Hornby, Lancashire
  24. Deighton Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  25. Dull, Aberfeldy, Perthshire
  26. Duncroisk Crosses Stone, Glen Lochay, Killin, Perthshire
  27. Dyke Nook Cross, Clitheroe, Lancashire
  28. East Riddlesden, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  29. Eastwoods Cross Base, Summerbridge , North Yorkshire
  30. Eaves Green Cross, Goosnargh, Lancashire
  31. Emmott Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  32. Exley Head Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  33. Eyam Cross, Eyam, Derbyshire
  34. Fairy Hill Cross, Rishworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  35. Fearby Cross, Masham, North Yorkshire
  36. Foldys Cross, Towneley, Burnley, Lancashire
  37. Golcar Cross, West Yorkshire
  38. Greystone Cross, Blacko, Barrowford, Lancashire
  39. Grimeford Cross, Adlington, Lancashire
  40. Handsome Cross, High Bradfield, South Yorkshire
  41. Hangman’s Bank, Preston, Lancashire
  42. Hawk Hill, Alloa, Clackmannanshire
  43. Headless Cross, Grimeford, Adlington, Lancashire – see Grimeford Cross
  44. Hebden Wood Cross, Slack, Hebden Bridge, West Yorkshire
  45. Herders Cross, Wycoller, Lancashire
  46. High Cross, Shrewsbury, Shropshire
  47. Idol Cross, Cornholme – see Mount Cross
  48. Ilkley Crosses, West Yorkshire
  49. Keighley Cross, West Yorkshire – see Market Cross, Keighley
  50. Laycock Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  51. Lilla Cross, Fylingdales Moor, North Yorkshire
  52. Maen Achwyfan, Whitford, Flintshire 
  53. Maiden or Tailor’s Cross, Foulridge, Lancashire
  54. Market Cross, Bradford, West Yorkshire
  55. Market Cross, Glastonbury, Somerset
  56. Market Cross, Highburton, West Yorkshire
  57. Market Cross, Kincardine, Fife
  58. Market Cross, Keighley, West Yorkshire
  59. Market Cross, Halesowen, Worcestershire
  60. Market Cross, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire
  61. Market Cross, Thornton-le-Dale, North Yorkshire
  62. Marsden Heights Cross, Nelson, Lancashire
  63. Marsh Cross, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
  64. Mercat Cross, Clackmannan, Clackmannanshire
  65. Mercat Cross, Doune, Stirlingshire
  66. Mercat Cross, Stirling, Stirlingshire
  67. Mitton Church Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  68. Mitton Green, Great Mitton, Lancashire
  69. Mount Cross, Cornholme, West Yorkshire
  70. Netherurd Mains, Kirkurd, Peeblesshire
  71. Nick o’ Pendle Cross, Sabden, Lancashire
  72. Old Market Cross, Sedbergh, Cumbria
  73. Oxenhope Cross, West Yorkshire
  74. Pendle Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  75. Pillar of Eliseg, Pentrefelin, Llangollen, Denbighshire
  76. Plague Stone, Adel, Leeds, West Yorkshire
  77. Market Cross, Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire
  78. Ralph’s Cross, Westerdale Moor, North Yorkshire
  79. Ratten Clough Cross, Emmot Moor, Lancashire
  80. Reap’s Cross, Heptonstall Moor, West Yorkshire
  81. Rocester Church Cross, Staffordshire
  82. St. James Church, Burton-in-Kendal, Cumbria
  83. St. Paul’s Cross, London, Middlesex
  84. St. Peter’s Cross, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire
  85. Salford Cross, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire
  86. Shay Cross, Wiswell, Lancashire
  87. Slaithwaite Cross, West Yorkshire
  88. Strand Cross, Westminster, London, Middlesex
  89. Stump Cross, Haworth, West Yorkshire
  90. Swastika Stone, Kirkurd – see Netherurd Mains, Peeblesshire
  91. Swinden Cross, Foulridge, Colne, Lancashire
  92. Thursday Market Cross, York, North Yorkshire
  93. Tom Cross, Colne, Lancashire
  94. Tom Cross, Laneshaw Bridge, Lancashire
  95. Upper Cross, Newchurch-in-Pendle, Lancashire
  96. Water Sheddles Cross, Oakworth Moor, West Yorkshire
  97. Wayside Cross, Hornsea, East Yorkshire
  98. Whalley Crosses, Lancashire
  99. White Cross, Banbury, Oxfordshire
  100. Withgill Cross, Great Mitton, Lancashire

© Paul Bennett, The Northern Antiquarian