Thought to originate in the Iron Age, brochs were ostensibly northern Scottish, round, drystone walled structures, built upwards to considerable heights, with large inner conical chambers reaching up to the high roofs. Such monuments were very effective in protecting anyone inside the broch from the wind and rain. Their precise nature and function remains unknown, though it seems likely that some defensive element to them is likely; but they may equally have been used as living quarters; or a site where food and livestock were kept; or perhaps ceremonial structures for rites of passage and/or shamanic development. Much more research is still needed into these fascinating monuments.
- Bruan Broch, Ulbster, Caithness
- Houstry Broch, Dunbeath – Caithness